CONFERENCES       AUTHORS ID NUMBER          ABSTRACT OF THE PAPER
The following papers belong to the 2002 WSEAS Int. Conf. on Electronics,
Control & Signal Processing and
2002 WSEAS Int. Conf. on e-activities
Singapore, December 9-12, 2002
A  fast motion estimation method using an enhanced motion vector and DC matching methodology Farzin Ahmadianpour, M. Omair Ahmad 451-221 A new fast block matching algorithm for motion estimation is introduced. This algorithm uses a new enhanced motion vector system combined with an effective DC matching technique. The proposed method transforms the expensive 2-D block-matching problem into
A Biometric Based E-Security System For Internet-Based Applications M Y Siyal 451-208 Personal identification numbers (PIN), passwords, smart cards and digital certificates are some of the means employed for user authentication in various electronic commerce applications. However, these means do not really identify a person, but only knowl
A Cascaded RLS-LMS Predictor And Its Application To Lossless Audio Codecs R. Yu, C. C. Ko, S. Rahardja, X. Lin 451-292 This paper introduces a cascaded RLS-LMS predictor for lossless audio coding applications.  In this proposed predictor, an LMS predictor with high-order is employed in order to capture the ample tonal and harmonic components of the audio signal for optima
A case study: How to maximize the food safety? Marco Antonio Busetti de Paula, Denise Curanishi 451-307 This article presents the case study as research strategy to be used in the project of optimization of food safety that includes the automated monitoring of the critical control points using Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT´s), under the visio
A Comparative Study for Multipath Mobile Radio Channel Estimation Algorithms Seedahmed S. Mahmoud, Zahir M. Hussain, and Peter O’shea 451-276 In this paper we present a comparative study of two important adaptive algorithms for channel impulse response estimation: the decision directed recursive least square (RLS) and the decision directed least mean square (LMS) algorithms, weighted and unweig
A Criterion on Selecting the Expansion Point in RCL Model Reduction by Using Krylov-subspace Methods Zhang Zhen, Yang Huazhong, Luo Rong, Wang Hui 451-265 Large RC(L) subcircuits generated by automatic parasitic-extraction tools are used as the typical models for interconnect of integrated circuits in recent years.  In order to simulate this large-scale subcircuits easily, being an efficient choice, Krylov-
A Cryptographic File System supporting Multi-Level Security Joonsuk Yu, Jaedeok Lim, Jeongnyeo Kim 451-228 Cryptographic file systems are effective way to protect userêøs sensitive data from unauthorized disclosure and most of the cryptographic file systems that have been developed only support data protection based on individual user. However, this approach h
A Customisable Report Generator Component System using XML-driven, Component-based Development Approach Leong Chee Hoong, Dr Lee Sai Peck 451-315 It is undeniable that report generation is one of the most important tasks in many companies regardless of the size of the company. A good report generation mechanism can increase a companyÔs productivity in terms of effort and time. This is more obvious 
A free-form snake-based algorithm for lane detection Zhongkang Lu, Eam Khwang Teoh 451-169 Model-based lane detection plays an important role on road following of outdoor robots. Literature review shows that almost all the algorithms use explicit lane models, such as circular arcs or B-Spline curves on a flat ground plane. In this paper, a free
A fully integrated CMOS PLL for frequency synthesizer using gm-c filter Wen-Ching Chang, Chun-Hung Lien, Yu-Chung Wei 451-279 This paper describes a fully integrated CMOS phase-locked loop (PLL) with a transconductance-C (Gm-C) filter. This PLL is used in consumer implemented in the 0.5 ¹m CMOS technology without the need of any external component. The resulting layout area and 
A grid architecture for e-service: its components and composition Junyi Shen, Hui Liu, Qinke Peng 451-176 This paper presents a grid architecture for E-Service. It comprises nine semantic components: port, probe, adapter, action, activity, workflow, E-Service, constraint and trigger, which form four different integration levels while each level could handle t
A Modeling and Analysis Methodology for DiffServ QoS Model on IBM NP architecture Seong yong Lim, Sung hei Kim, Kyu ho Lee 451-314 Modeling and Simulation methodology permits analytic and mathematic performance estimation. Recent switched router systems have been more complicated and functional, and so performance estimation is more difficult. This paper shows application capability 
A Modified Kangaroo Model For Long Lived  Transactions Over Mobile Networks Shibnath Mukherjee 451-126 With the rapid emergence of mobile commerce, numerous issues challenging its development have come to the highlight over the past few years. Two major ones are first ,handling long lived transactions while preserving database consistency and concurrency d
A new adabtive nonlinear multistage parallel interference cancelation in multiuser detection in cdma Hamid Ebrahimzad, Hamidreza Amindavar, Jahangir Dadkhah Cheymeh, Mohsen Khansari 451-242 This paper presents a new approach for multi-user detection in code division multiple access (CDMA). Proposed detector is an adaptive nonlinear parallel interference cancellation scheme that uses a nonlinear function (hyperbolic tangent) as decision devic
A new approach to image segmentation using genetic algorithm with mathematical morphology Kahlouche Souhila, Achour Karim 451-101 This paper presents a new approach to image segmentation using genetic algorithm (GA) in conjunction with morphological operations. The proposed method consists to classify each pixel of the image in pixels belonging either to the object or to the backgro
A new neural network structure for camera calibration Yongtae Do 451-317 In this paper, a new design of neural network is proposed for camera calibration. Unlike most existing methods, where camera parameters are determined so that the projection from 3D points to their corresponding image points is as accurate as possible, th
A Novel Framework For Business To Consumer E-Commerce M Y Siyal 451-204 - In recent years an upsurge in the business-to-business electronic commerce has been observed. The popularity of electronic commerce among the masses is still not what it was expected and the fall of DOT.COMs has made it even worst. Whereas business-to-b
A Novel Image Processing Approach For Qualitative Road Traffic Data Analysis M Y Siyal 451-207 Real-time qualitative road traffic data analysis is the cornerstone for any modern transport system. So far, most of the analysis is done manually and the use of image processing techniques for qualitative analysis is at its early stage. In this paper we 
A novel wide operating range technique of delay-locked loop with frequency selection block Wen-Ching Chang, Chun-Hung Lien and Tung-Chi He 451-277 This paper describes a novel technique to increase the operating range of Delay-Locked Loop (DLL) with Frequency Selection Block (FSB). A FSB is attached to a conventional DLL and the frequency of input reference signal would be detected by FSB to select 
A Perfect Reconstruction Theory of ISITRA Yumnam Kirani Singh & Swapan Kumar Parui 451-182 Proposed here is a generalized transform entitled ISITRA for signal decomposition and reconstruction. Its decomposition scheme is a single input multi-output transform like 2- channel filter bank. The existing perfect reconstruction theory of 2-channel fi
A reference model for e-commerce Hui Liu,Qinke Peng,Junyi Shen 451-117 This paper proposes a six-layers reference model for E-Commerce, including infrastructures, science techniques, elementary services, business strategies, business modes and society environment layer. Main classifications and some concrete entities in each
A robust algorithm for blind separation of convolutive mixture of sources Kiyotoshi Matsuoka, Satoshi Nakashima 451-236 Conventional algorithms for blind source separation do not necessarily work well for real-world data.  One of the reasons is that, in actual applications, the mixing matrix is often almost singular at some part of frequency range and it can cause a certai
A robust and real-time multi-feature amalgamation algorithm for fingerprint segmentation Sen Wang, Yang Sheng Wang 451-109 A critical step in automatic fingerprint identification is to automatically and reliably decide which part of the fingerprint image belongs to the foreground, the noisy area, and the background. In this paper, we define the background as an area except fo
A Robust Fuzzy Credit Assignment Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller (FCA-CMAC) with Fast Learning Applied to Control System Yan-Ping Wang, Zne-Jung Lee*, and Shun-Feng Su 451-143 In this paper, a robust fuzzy credit assignment CMAC (FCA-CMAC) is proposed to speed up the learning ability and to increase the robust capability of CMAC. The FCA-CMAC is to combine the fuzzy logic concept and credit assignment ideas to provide fast and 
A Segmentation-Based Triangular Mesh Generation Scheme For Mesh-Based Video Coding X. K. Yang, X. Lin, W. S. Lin 451-191 A new mesh generation algorithm is proposed for mesh-based video coding. The still segmentation result of watershed segmentation is projected onto motion segmentation result of change region detection in proposed algorithm. Therefore, mesh presentation ge
A Simpler Method of Reconstructing Charge Collection Probability for the Determination of Junction Depths in Semiconductor Devices Vincent K. S. Ong and Poh Chin Phua 451-308 A new method of reconstructing the distribution of the charge collection probability (CCP) from the measured collection efficiency data is proposed.  Direct reconstruction of the CCP from the measured collection efficiency profile is usually performed by 
A Simplified Methodology For The Synthesis Of Adaptive Flight Control Systems J.Roushanian,F.Nadjafi 451-157 A simplified approach for the design of an efficient alternative to adaptive flight control system based on combination of invariance theory and high gain feedback has been developed. The derivation of the algorithm is presented. The application of this m
A SIP Load Balancer for Performance Enlargement on the Enterprise Network Mi-Ryong Park, Joo-Myung Seok, Kyou-ho Lee 451-298 This paper presents a SIP(Session Initiation Protocol) load balancer to make an enlargement performance of call processing at enterprise networks. We believe that currently Internet, SIP is a trend of VoIP(Voice over IP) service and will be better deploye
A smoothed likelihood approach to image segmentation Inge Koch and Belinda Faddy 451-231 The Zhu and Yuille region competition is considered for image segmentation. The algorithm has successfully been applied in simulations and real applications. Based on their ideas, we address a number of issues not covered in their treatment. In particular
A Space-Time Model for Mobile Radio Channel with Hyperbolically Distributed Scatterers Seedahmed S. Mahmoud, Zahir M. HussainN, and Peter O’shea 451-128 In this paper, we present a geometrical and time-variant wireless vector channel model with hyperbolically distributed scatterers for a macrocell mobile environment. This model is based on the assumption that the distances between mobile and local scatter
A taxonomy of educational widgets Jan herman Verpoorten 451-142 Interaction is an essential hallmark of education. Therefore widgets are relevant in educational software. This article describes a taxonomy that is capable of describing a possibly infinite widget collection in a finite way by drawing a distinction betwe
A Window-Based Image Processing System For Itelligent Trnsportation System M Y Siyal 451-206 Various researchers for a number of years have investigated traffic data collection and analysis. Many techniques have been proposed to speed up the operations and some intelligent approaches have been developed to compensate the effects of lighting, shad
Accurate Estimation of Coded Frame Rate in Realtime Video Coding over Handheld Devices Pan Feng, Z. G. Li, K. P. Lim, D. J. Wu, R. S. Yu, G. N. Feng 451-201 Realtime video coding over handheld devices needs to meet the rigorous limitation of the available computational capacity, and to make the things worse, the computation power allocated to the encoding process varies dramatically from time to time as the C
Adaptive beamforming using neural network Ebrahim Karami, Jahangir Dadkhah Chimeh, Mohsen Khansari 451-316 The central theme of this paper is to demonstrate how a neural network can be incorporated into an antenna array for adaptive beamforming. Specifically, the problem considered involves a single desired signal arriving at the array simultaneously with an u
Adaptive model reference tracking of a robot arm with uncertain dynamics incorporating state constraints Patrick Keleher Russel Stonier 451-199 We extend the adaptive model reference treatment of an articulated two link manipulator described by Slotine [1] by incorporating state constraints. We incorporate constraints upon the physical movement of link 1, analogous to a shoulder-elbow assembly, b
An Computational Efficient Method fo Assuring Full Duplex Feeling in Hands-Free Communication Fredric Lindstrom, Mattias Dahl, Ingvar Claesson 451-212 This report proposes a new method for obtaining satisfying "full-duplex feeling" in hands-free communication units at low computational cost. The proposed method uses a combination of an acoustic echo cancellation unit and an adaptive gain uni
An Effective Technique For The IF Estimation of FM Signals in Heavy-Tailed Noise B. Barkat and M.Y.Siyal 451-290 In this paper, we consider the analysis of frequency modulated (FM) signals corrupted by heavy-tailed additive noise. Here, we use time-frequency analysis for such signals. However, for a good performance we need a pre-processing of the noisy signal. This
An efficient adaptive approach for real-time dynamic background subtraction using an invariant color model Bijan Shoushtarian, Helmut E. Bez 451-156 Many approaches for background subtraction have been proposed in recent years. In this paper, three new real-time dynamic background generation techniques called ÕSelective update using temporal averagingÖ, ÕSelective update using an exponentially weighte
An LMS Based Algorithm for Reduced Finite Precision Effects Fredric Lindstrom, Mattias Dahl, Ingvar Claesson 451-218 This paper proposes a new Least Mean Square (LMS) based algorithm aimed for acoustic echo cancellation. The algorithm is an elaboration of an existing algorithm developed for the Konftel 200 conference phone. The purpose of the algorithm is to
Application in Control of Boiler Using Signal Interpreted Petri Net (SIPN) Method Kingliana Loeis, Endra Joelianto 451-311 This paper deals with the application in control of boiler using Signal Interpreted Petri Net (SIPN), which is an extension of the ordinary Petri Net (PN) with interaction between input and output signals. For automation purposes, this control system sees
Application of linear predictor and wavelet transform in partial discharge site location in power cables Babak Badrzadeh,S.M.Shahrtash 451-122 Partial discharges are caused by various defects such as voids, shield protrusions, contaminants, advanced stages of water tree, etc and known the main cause of breakdown in insulation materials. Partial discharge (PD) location is a powerful and useful to
Application of neural-fuzzy modeling and optimal fuzzy controller for nonlinear magnetic bearing systems

Shin-Shiung Yu, Shinq-Jen Wu and Tsu-Tian Lee

451-287 In this paper, we apply a new approach, called optimal fuzzy control based on linear TS type fuzzy model, to deal with nonlinear magnetic bearing systems. The linear TS type fuzzy model is used to represent the nonlinear plant. To obtain the l
Applying accountability and atomicity to Secure Electronic Transaction Bo Meng,Qianxing Xiong,Xinming Tan 451-282 In electronic commerce protocols, atomicity and accountability are very important properties. Atomicity consists of money atomicity, goods atomicity and certified delivery, while accountability consists of money accountability and goods accountability. If
Approximate symbolic analysis with Interval error estimation Zdenek Kolka, Dalibor Biolek, Viera Biolkova 451-220 The paper deals with an enhanced method for matrix-based approximate symbolic analysis. The method assures the validity of approximated expressions over a certain interval of network parameters by means of the sensitivity analysis. A computationally effec
Automatization of the Shop2box System with Bluetooth Mikael Soini, Reino Aarinen, Lauri Sydúnheimo, Markku Kivikoski 451-181 In this paper, a shop2box system is presented in which a customer can order over the Internet grocery that is delivered to a receiving box leased by the customer in his or her neighborhood. The aim of this paper is to focus on a Bluetooth application desi
Autoregressive modeling of the indoor radio propagation at 2.4GHz Shurong Li 451-167 Based on frequency domain measurements in the 2.4GHz band, an autoregressive (AR) model for the frequency response of the indoor radio channel is introduced. A comparison is made between the statistical characteristics of the empirical data and of the cha
Bayesian restoration of medical X-ray digital images Radu Mutihac, Marc M. Van Hulle 451-288 Image entropy as prior in Bayesian inference was applied to the restoration of X-ray digital images with additive zero mean Gaussian distributed noise. An iterative algorithm based on a conjugate gradient method with numerical evaluation of partial deriva
Boundary and local stabilization of the Timoshenko beam Soufyane Abdelaziz 451-102 We study the uniform stabilizability of a Timoshenko beam by one control force. We prove that under, one locally distributed damping, the exponential stability for this system is assured if and only if the wave speeds are the same.
C-iscap(controlled internet secure connectivity assurance platform) : design, implementation and evalutation So-hee Park, Jae-hoon Nah 451-219 IPsec has now become a standard information security technology throughout the Internet society. It provides a well-defined architecture which takes into account confidentiality, authentication, integrity, secure key exchange and protection mechanism agai
Click and Brick: Retailing Realities for the Future Balasundram Maniam, Claudia S. Davis, Gurinderjit B. Mehta, Sanjay S. mehta 451-224 This article describes two approaches to selling, the “brick and mortar” type of retailing and the E-tailing marketing approach on the Internet.  The growth of the new companies on the Internet has newcomers and established companies rushing t
Comparison of Time-Frequency Feature Extraction Techniques for Environmental Sound Recognition Michael Cowling, Renate Sitte 451-217 This paper is the continuation of previously published work in which we have been analysing different methods Ø traditionally used in speech recognition Ø for their suitability to be applied to Environmental Sound Recognition. While current research devot
Computation of Hough Transform using SIMD Extensions M. Fikret Ercan,  Yu-Fai Fung 451-203 Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE) is a unique feature embedded in the Pentium III and Pentium IV classes of microprocessors. By fully exploiting SSE, parallel algorithms can be implemented on a standard personal computer and a significant speedup can be ach
Compute Efficient Training Method for Gaussian Mixture Model Based Speaker Verification Ashish Panda, Thambipillai Srikanthan, Saurav Bhattacharyya 451-121 Speaker Verification is a memory and compute intensive process, giving rise to area and latency concerns in the way of its System-On-a-Chip implementation. The training schemes for computing the speaker models contribute significantly to the ov
Constructing Virtual Learning Environment With Streaming Media QingTang Liu 451-239 The paper discusses the construction of the virtual learning environment in E-learning with streaming media, and explores the strategies of building interactive environment. Some ways that is suitable for web-based interactive environment have been develo
Controlled system using fuzzy input adaptive networks Chidentree Treesatayapun 451-103 This paper presents a parallel adaptive networks controller which is implemented by our Fuzzy Input Adaptive Network (FIAN). The FIAN is easy to be set initial parameters and structure by the human sense. All FIAN parameters can be adjusted by gradient de
Depth profile determination of Si nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 films by spectroscopic ellipsometry Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, M.S.Tse, P.H.Ho, T.B. Chong, D. Gui, J. H. Hsieh 451-170 In this paper, we report an approach to determine the depth profiles of Si nanocrytals fraction distributed in SiO2 films based on spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). In the SE analysis, a Si implanted SiO2 film is divided into m sub-layers with equal thickn
Design and Implementation of DSA Establishment Mechanism Huijong Yu, Hyungon Kim 451-202 AAA protocol is a framework that provides AAA (Authentication, Authorization and Accounting) function on multiple network and platforms. Diameter is the newest AAA protocol that can displace RADIUS which has been used as AAA protocol. There are some Diame
Design of double density wavelet filter banks Ashoka Jayawardena Chris Radford 451-262 We look at the design of oversampled filter banks and the resulting framelets. The undecimated wavelet transform is known for its shift invariant properties and has applications in areas such as denoising. The framelets we will design, will have improved 
Design of Network-based Connection Traceback System for Current Internet Environment Yang-seo Choi, Byong-cheol Choi, Dong-ho Kang, Seung-wan Han, Dong-il Seo 451-153 Recently the number of Internet user has very sharply increased, and the number of intrusion has also increased very much. Because of that, security products are developed and adopted to prevent systems and networks from hacking and intrusion. But even if
Design of optimal orthonormal wavelet filter banks for image coding Yao Susu 451-196 The theory and design of optimal uniform orthonormal filter banks has been investigated for a long time. It has been proven that the theoretic coding gain of a uniform paraunitary analysis/synthesis filter bank system is maximized if and only if the filte
Designing EDIFACT message structures with XML schema Bo Meng,Qianxing Xiong,Xinming Tan 451-272 With the development of applications of XML and the publication of XML schema recommendation by W3C, XML+XMLschema-based EDIFACT is becoming a good solution to the electronic commerce applications. Now a lot of large-scale enterprises want to make the tra
Detection of Known FM Signals in Known Heavy-Tailed Noise B. Barkat, M.Y.Siyal and J. Yingtuo 451-291 In this paper, we consider the detection of a known frequency modulated signal corrupted by known heavy-tailed additive noise. Two different techniques will be presented. The first one is based on the Neyman-Pearson theorem and the second technique is bas
Digital Hybrid PLL Frequency Synthesizer for the Ultra-fast Switching Speed Heung-gyoon Ryu 451-273 PLL(phase locked loop) frequency synthesizer takes a long switching time because of the inherent closed-loop structure. The digital hybrid PLL(DH-PLL) which involves the open loop structure in the conventional PLL synthesizer has been studied to overcome 
DSP and FPGA based Implementation of a Video-based Industrial Safety Application Jorg Velten, Marco Krips, Anton Kummert 451-136 Industrial safety devices are an interesting field of application for video surveillance and image processing. Complex production processes often can not be protected sufficiently by usual light row based safety devices. In the present paper, a fully vide
Effective of  ga-nbc using fat Mahmoud El-khouly,  Iman Badr 451-124 This paper introduces a novel hybrid algorithm that combines, Genetic Algorithms (GA) with the Naïve Bayesian Classifier (NBC) to be employed in a Web filtering agent. The GA-NBC searches for a near optimal Bayesian profile using the power of GA. A
Efficient pixel decimation pattern for faster video encoders Ahmad Sharifinejad and Hassan Mehrpour 451-296 Today’s trend in multimedia is towards providing real time voice and video services over a diverse range of channels without compromising their quality. As the network switching capability has dramatically increased over the last decade, the concent
E-Government - Integrated Vision and Approach B. Visvesvara Rao, K. R. Rajeswari, Satyam Bheemarasetti 451-294 This paper addresses the paramount importance of addressing the requirements of all departments in the government, other related organizations and individuals ‘together’ and defines a coordinated ‘integrated’ approach t
Electric Power Quality : Types , and Measurements Masoud Aliakbargolkar 451-263 Electric power quality is an aspect of power engineering that has been with us since the inception of power systems; however, topics in power quality have risen to the forefront since the advent of high power semiconductor switches and networking of trans
Electronic commerce in iran a survey of business use of the internet Javad Karimi Asl 451-129 Abstract:  The Internet is an extremely important new technology, and its revolution is bigger than any one realized. This paper is based on a survey of 467 companies that use Internet or have their own domain name and/or web site. This paper discusses ab
E-Surveys: The SAGE Experience Hing-Yan Lee, Khee-Erng Lau, Chun-Keat Wong 451-198 After we examine the pros and cons of e-surveys for e-marketing and e-government purposes, we argue why it remains an incomplete solution from the practical angle and propose a multi-mode approach to conducting surveys, even as the Internet becomes ever m
Exploiting Temporal Consistency to Improve Stereo Results Luigi Di Stefano, Stefano Mattoccia, Giovanni Neri, Daniele Piccinini 451-303 This paper addresses the problem of noise-generated, spurious temporal variations of disparity measurements produced by real-time dense stereo matching algorithms. To deal with this problem, we propose a filtering technique based on the exploitation of su
Fast analysis of blocks with current conveyors Dalibor Biolek, Viera Biolkova 451-147 On the basis of the well-known modified nodal analysis, universal matrices-stamps are defined for modeling more types of current conveyors. From these stamps, modified Mason-CoatesÓ graphs are derived for fast analysis of circuits with current conveyors C
Feeling information extraction from characters Tetsuo Hattori, Hiroyuki Kitajima and Toshinori Yamasaki 451-250 An automated feature extraction and evaluation method of feeling information from printed and handwritten characters is proposed. This method is based on image processing and pattern recognition techniques. First, an input binarized pattern is transformed
Fingerprint Identification Using The Galerkin Finite Element Method Magdy Saeb, Sherif Hegazy 451-127 In this work, we present an approach for fingerprint identification based on the Finite Element Technique (FIFE). The basic notion behind this approach is to generate a feature matrix of the fingerprint employing the standard Galerkin weighted residual me
F-Mail Communication System for Users with Disabilities Tetsuya Hirotomi and Nikolay N. Mirenkov 451-185 F-Mail communication system to support e-mail like communication of users with disabilities is presented. This system is a part of a more general multimedia communication environment based on self-explanatory component and multiple interface concepts. In 
Forward Error Correction with Reed-Solomon Codes for Wireless ATM Networks B. Fong, P. B. Rapajic, G. Y. Hong, and A. C. M. Fong 451-211 High-speed multimedia data transmission is vulnerable to burst errors primarily due to its frame structure.  Forward error correction (FEC) codes mitigate the effects of multipath fading as some form of time diversity by adding redundancies into the trans
Fundamental Principles of Safety Relevant System Design Gerhard. H. Schildt 451-133 After an introduction to safety terms fundamental principles for safety relevant system design for electronics are presented. These design principles comprise: fail-safe design, watch dog function, dynamization of signals, qiescient current principle, mon
Fuzzy c-Means Clustering Designed FLC for Air-Conditioning System
 
Chaned Wichasilp, Vasutan Tunbunheng, Watcharachai Wiriyasuttiwong, Kajornsak Kantapanit 451-151 A Fuzzy c-Means Clustering designed FLC (fuzzy logic controller) is presented in this paper and applied to air-conditioning system. In the design procedure, the auto-tuning PID controller was used to operate the plant of air-conditioning system and the pl
Fuzzy Logic Based Yaw Steering of a Micro-satellite in a Low Earth Orbit to Compensate for Earth Rotation Effect N. Nagarajan              Ling Keck Voon               Tan Soon Hie 451-154 Stereo imaging is an important application of remote sensing from satellites. This is achieved by tilting the camera in the cross track direction on different days.  Another strategy, is to use a pair of cameras in the along track direction with approp
Generating and Testing Halftoning Filters Co-Evolutionarily Timo Mantere, Jarmo T. Alander 451-281 In this paper we evaluate the potentials of using co-evolutionary optimization method to automatically generate both halftoning filters and their test images. The genetic algorithm generates halftone filters and at the same time, tries to create the harde
Genetic Algorithm Utilization of Timing Attack Prospect for RSA Cryptoanalyst. Hamza A. Ali and Mikdam Al-Salami 451-180 This paper presents an approach to cryptanalysis of RSA cryptosystem based on the application of genetic algorithm. The search utilizes the idea of timing attack as computation time information may leak due to different modular operations throughout the R
Genetic-Algorithms-Based Fuzzy Call Admission Control for CDMA Cellular Systems Li-Der Chou, Chich Feng Lai 451-241 Wireless personal communication systems grow very fast, and the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system has become the key technology for multiple accesses in the third generation communication systems. Unlike conventional FDMA and TDMA systems, the c
Glosim: Global System Image for Cluster Computing Hai Jin, Li Guo, Zongfen Han 451-312 This paper presents a novel architecture of a single system image built on cluster system, named Glosim. This system orientates to cluster system middleware, which provides global system image support. It not only supports global IPC objects including mes
GPS Based Azimuth/Gradient Determination for Land Vehicle Peiqing  Xia,   Keck Voon  Ling,   N. Nagarajan 451-155 This paper presents the theory and simulation results of a GPS-based Azimuth/Gradient determination instrument for a land vehicle, using two GPS receivers to realize interferometry. Our purpose is to design a system, which is both robust and accurate. A s

HDL Synthesis and Simulation of SLMS Adaptive Filter Algorithm for Echo Cancellation of Speech-Band Data Transmission
Naresh Sarwabhotla, Saurabh Kumar Sahu, Rangarajan.P 451-240 This paper deals with simulation of a Serial Least Mean Square (SLMS) adaptive filter algorithm for echo cancellation of speech-band data transmission with higher computational speed. A regular dial-up telephone network has been chosen for this applicatio
Hybrid System Modeling Using Impulsive Differential Equations Endra Joelianto 451-310 Hybrid systems have emerged as a rapidly expanding field for modeling and analyzing systems which have a mixture of continuous and discrete valued state variables. The modeling framework of hybrid systems has received considerable attention over the past 
Implementation and Comparison of different Algorithms in Path Planning Rupak Venugopal, Deep S. Kolhatkar, Dr. S. S. Mantha 451-106 This paper is an effort on our part to develop a method that enables a robot to reach the target from the starting point in the most optimum manner, avoiding all the obstacles (both static and moving) that come in it's way. In the process of doi
Improving Communication in e-Commerce Applications Majed Al-Mashari And Yosouf Al-Ohali 451-267 Electronic commerce is emerging as the new Internet business model. In electronic commerce, most net traffic is multimedia-based, which means that there is a real need for an efficient hybrid multimedia compression technique that improves the communicatio
Incorporating Pattern Prediction Technique for Energy Efficient Filter Cache Design Kugan Vivekanandarajah, Thambipillai Srikanthan, Saurav Bhattacharya, Prasanna Venkatesh Kannan 451-304 A filter cache is proposed at a higher level than the L1 (main) cache in the memory hierarchy and is much smaller.  The typical size of filter cache is of the order of 512 Bytes.  Prediction algorithms popularly based upon the Next Fetch Predi
Influence of colour spaces on the performance of real time colour set detection in video images Marco Krips, Jorg Velten, Anton Kummert 451-172 Colour is an important feature for object classification in digital video images, where shape-based techniques are not practicable. This can be the case if real-time processing has to be applied to situations where many candidate shapes can occur. However
Information Retrieval in WPANs by Mobile Agents Amol Dabholkar, Yow Kin Choong 451-232 We propose a mobile agent based information retrieval system for wireless personal area networks. A shopping complex scenario is used to demonstrate the proof of concept. We study a number of ways in which mobile agents can be used to retrieve information
Integrating E-Activities with Wide Area Management Information Systems K.A. Hawick and H.A. James 451-302 Management Information Systems (MIS) and associated commercial products are now an important part of both enterprise and smaller scale businesses.  MIS products are available for premium prices, but do not always meet business's expectations particularly 
Intelligent Control of Multivariable Process

Dong Hwa Kim, Hong Won Pyo

451-254 This paper suggests that the immune network algorithm based on fuzzy set can effectively be used in tuning of a PID controller for multivariable process or nonlinear process. The artificial immune network always has a new parallel decentralized processing
Interactive robot usher architecture organization S. S. Ge,  H.  F.  Wang and  L. Y.  Li 451-261 This paper presents the design of a safe, friendly, and living autonomous Interactive Robotic Usher (IRU). IRU is able to run independently to achieve specific commands, intelligently interact with humans and environments, move safely and avoid obstacles 
ITEM Lab: structure and research activity in the QoS-aware network Antonio Pescape', Stefano Russo, Vincenzo Vecchio, Giorgio Ventre 451-238 Distance Learning has largely benefited from the incredible progress that internetworking technologies have made in the last years. Simulation applications are nowadays used within distance learning processes, in combination - and sometimes in substitutio
Lossless Audio Coding Using A Cascaded Rls-Lms Predictor R. Yu, C. C. Ko, S. Rahardja, X. Lin 451-247 This paper introduces a cascaded RLS-LMS predictor for predictive lossless audio coding applications.  In this proposed predictor, a LMS predictor with large order is employed in order to capture the ample tonal and harmonic components of the audio signal
Mechanical properties of skin in health and disease evaluated by viscoelasticity skin analyzer Akiva Vexler, Igor Polyanskyand RaphaelGorodetsky 451-260 The mechanical properties of the skin are known to be age, sex and race dependent and reflect different physiological skin conditions as well as skin disorders. Therefore, monitoring alteration in the mechanical properties of the skin may help t
Medical informatics: intelligent patient monitoring in the OR R.W. Jones, A. Lowe, M.T. Tham 451-222 The utility of alarm systems currently used in the operating room is not high. They have low specificity and do not help the anaesthetist in assessing patient threatening situations. For these reasons, there is a continuing interest in developing intellig
Methodology of development of high-tech profitable Mission Control Center for automatic space vehicles Valeriy Alekseevich Udaloy, Nikolay Mihailovich Ivanov,  Nikolay Leonidovich Sokolov, Vladimir Urievich Pazdnikov 451-111 There are various Mission Control Centers (MCC) in many countries. But analysis of the existing literature proves absence of general idea of MCC structure optimization although optimal structure of MCC could allow to increase profitability of mission cont
Middleware Issues for Mobile Business and Commerce Ken Hawick and Heath James 451-297 Mobile commerce is an exciting and very recent addition to modern business enterprise. M-commerce allows levels of sales and management interaction at unprecedented new turn-around times. The technologies for M-commerce are still in their infancy. While n
Model based recognition of occluded curved objects Rachid Benlamri 451-313 This paper describes a new model-based approach to recognize occluded curved objects from single range images. Image segmentation is based on surface curvature detection. Object representation is expressed in terms of an edge-junction graph and a surface-
Modified VLSI Implementation for Sequential LDPC Decoder W. L. Lee, Angus Wu 451-300 Iterative decoding of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes using the Parity Likelihood Ratio (PLR) algorithm have been proved to be more efficient compared to conventional Sum Product Algorithm (SPA).  However, the nature of PLR algorithm tends to put nu
Multi-channel receiver module for IR wireless link

Lijun Jiang, New Wei Lee, Shiqian Wu, Rahardia Susanto

451-160 A multi-channel auto-gain controllable receiver module for a 40Mbit/s LED based non-directed infrared wireless link is implemented using photodiode array followed by multi-channel transimpedance-summer architecture, band-pass filter, AGC, with EM shieldin
Multi-Dimensional Perfect Sequences Shinya Matsufuji, Yoshihiro Tanada, Aki Fujimoto, Naoki Suehiro 451-319 A perfect sequence, whose out-of-phase periodic auto- correlation function takes zero, can be successfully applied for communications and signal processings. This paper makes clear the construction of a multi-dimensional perfect sequence, which is  genera
New image processing techniques based on assessment of image information content Emanuel Diamant 451-125 Inspired by the analogy between computer-based visual systems and their biological counterparts, we propose to take advantage of some concepts borrowed from the field of biological vision and not recognized yet in today’s engineering systems. What w
Nonlinear  Filters  as Edge Enhancers  And their  Applications To Wounds A. G Deshpande   Dr. T. R. Sontakke 451-115 This paper presents computerized  analysis of wounds(injuries)  in which different edge detection techniques  are  used.  Their performance evaluation is done . Parameters  for performance evaluation  are  Edge Detection Error Ratio (EDER). 
Nonlinear Filters  As Edge Enhancers And Their Application To Wounds Ms. Anjali Deshpande, Dr. T. R. Sontakke, Ms. M. S. Joshi 451-120 This paper presents computerized  analysis of wounds(injuries)  in which different edge detection techniques  are  used like Sobel, Prewit, Robert , Laplacian. Their performance evaluation is done. Parameters  for performance evaluation  are  E
On the Evaluation of Recovery Functions in E-commerce Systems Sangseung Kang 451-227 E-commerce systems, which support information security functions, should have cryptographic functions for information in order to storage and communicate securely, including management of cryptographic keys and recovery of lost keys. In this paper, we pre
Onibell's model of malaria action Bello Hassan Onimisi 451-271 The had been over the years a lot hues generated by the menace of malaria attack, especially in Africa. Many conferences have been held and countless papers have been published on the matter. But little or no resultant effect had been felt. This
On-Line Robot Navigation in an Unknown Terrain Pradeep Koodali Edathil,  John Lim, Ng Irwan Gunawan, M. Fikret Ercan 451-230 In this study, we deal with a mobile robotÔs navigation in an unknown but static terrain. The terrain model, two dimensional and populated by obstacles, is not known a priori, but robot is equipped with a number of proximity sensors and the navigation pat
Optical Property profiles of SiO2 films Containing Si Nanocrystals Formed by Si+ Implantation Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, M.S. Tse, P.F. Ho, A.L.K. Tan and Y.C.Liu 451-171 A quantitative approach to determination of depth profiles of optical properties of Si-implanted SiO2 films based on spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) is presented.  From the SE measurements, the depth profiles of the complex refractive index of SiO2 films 

Optimal boundary control of a tracking problem   for a parabolic distributed system using hierarchical fuzzy control and evolutionary algorithms
Russel Stonier Mike Drumm Jason Bell 451-243 In this paper we examine the application  of hierarchical fuzzy control and evolutionary algorithms to find closed-loop control solutions of the optimal control problem arising from semi-discretisation of a linear parabolic tracking problem with boundary 
Optimal Generation of DSP Architectures from Behavioral Description Adeel Abbas, Shoab Khan 451-119 As a result of enormous competition in the system-on-chip industry, the current trends of system level design flows focus on the use of automated tools construction and verification, behavioral modeling and code generation. This paper presents a design me
Optimized MAP turbo decoder for 3rd generation W-CDMA systems Maryam Mizani, Abdolreza Nabavi, Mohsen Nabipour 451-183 Turbo codes have become part of the third generation W-CDMA systems because of their extraordinary coding performance. However, decoder implementation in commercial systems suffers from power, latency and complexity limitations. Here, we address new optim
Optimizing the Design of IIR Filter via Genetic Algorithm Xue LI,Yikang Yang,Yongxuan Huang 451-233 The IIR filter design under the mixed-criterion of H2 norm and ∞ norm is proposed in this paper, and genetic algorithms(GA) is introduced to realize the filter design based on such criterion. By this approach, the disadvantage of other conventional 
PanoVi: A muliti-camera panoramic movie system by using client-side image mosaicking Monehiro Doi, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto 451-283 In this paper, we introduce a new panoramic movie system that can capture and play 360 degree viewing angle.  The system captures surround movie by using four wide-angle video cameras, and then the video streams are encoded as a single stream of common vi
Parameter Tuning of PID Controller Using Immune Algorithm and Reference Model Dong Hwa Kim 451-253 In this paper auto-tuning scheme of PID controller based on the reference model has been studied by immune algorithm for a process. Up to this time, many sophisticated tuning algorithms have been tried in order to improve the PID controll
Peculiarities of spacecraft “Ocean-O” control in geomagnetic storms Valeriy Alekseevich Udaloy, Nikolay Mihailovich Ivanov,  Nikolay Leonidovich Sokolov, Vladimir Urievich Pazdnikov 451-113 Russian-Ukraine spacecraft “Ocean-O” (S/C) was launched on July, 17, 1999. S/C is controlled from Mission Control Centre and Modeling (MCC-M), town Korolev, Moscow region. Purpose of the S/C “Ocean-O” is operative reception of Eart
Point averaging of the position components with using of fuzzy system, before and after s/a is turned off

M.R.Mosavi , K.Mohammadi, M.H.Refan

451-140 This paper presents a method to determine an accurate position by using a low cost GPS receiver and proposes a fuzzy system for better accuracy in GPS positioning. At first the fixed position parameters, such as DOP (Dilution of Precision) and SNR (Signal
Point Target Detection using Wavelet in InfraRed image sequence Mukesh A. Zaveri,Uday B. Desai,S.N. Merchant 451-158 A wavelet based technique for multiple point targets  detection in InfraRed image sequences in presence of  clutter is proposed. Most existing approaches assume  target of several pixels size or of Gaussian shape  with variance of 1.5 pixel. We develop de

Portuguese E-Parliament System as a Case Study of the FloWPASS - Framework to Workflow Process Automation Systems
Rogerio Nascimento, Joaquim Martins, Joaquim Pinto 451-226 Our main goal is the interrelation amongst the new metadata paradigm - the XML family - and the Workflow Process Automation, and its integration and interaction with database legacy systems.  We intend to answer two fundamental subjects: the granularity o
Power conversion efficiency of airborne parametric array Jianfeng Chen 451-148 In this paper the power conversion efficiency of airborne parametric array is studied and an explicit expression of the relationship between the power conversion efficiency and the primary wave power, primary wave frequency, and secondary frequency is ded
Powertrain Hybrid System Optimization Using Dynamic Programming Zhengmao Ye 451-144 Automotive powertrain system consists of several interactive and coupled nonlinear systems. This research focuses on the coordination of Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) engine, transmission and emission aftertreatment systems. The goal is to design an opt

Prediction of errors and improvement the position accuracy on low cost gps receiver with adaptive neural networks
M.R.Mosavi , K.Mohammadi, 451-141 This paper presents a method to determine an accurate position by using a low cost GPS receiver and proposes a adaptive neural network for better accuracy in GPS positioning. At first, we introduce the GPS system errors. Then measuring the errors of posit
Protecting Mobile Agents against Malicious Host Attacks Magdy Saeb, Meer Hamza, Ashraf Soliman 451-135 Threat diagnostic, using AND/OR tree and risk analysis, is a mechanism to protect mobile agents against malicious host attacks. The method is based on analyzing the probable causes of mobile agent failure to perform its intended function. It uses the symp
Reduction of coding artifacts using recursive line filtering based on a fuzzy model Yao Susu 451-194 In this paper, we propose an effective post-processing algorithm with low computational complexity for removing coding artifacts that severely degrade visual quality of the decompressed images. The proposed method is based on a fuzzy model and recursive f
Relation between video bitrate and frame size in arbitrary downsizing transcoding Haiwei Sun, Yappeng Tan and Yongqing Liang 451-278 Video downsizing transcoding is a common technique for adapting the bitrate or spatial/temporal resolution of a compressed video to suit different transmission bandwidths or receiving devices. In arbitrary downsizing video transcoding, although the transc
Relation Between Video Bitrate And Frame Size In Arbitrary Downsizing Transcoding Haiwei Sun, Yappeng Tan and Yongqing Liang 451-268 In arbitrary downsizing video transcoding,although the transcoder can adjust the size of a pre-coded video to meet the requirements of different transmission channels or receiving devices, there is however no model to illustrate the relation between bitra
Reliability of Optical Wireless Links Jiri Nemecek, Viera Biolkova, Otakar Wilfert, Dalibor Biolek 451-293 The article presents some problems of optical wireless link (OWL) reliability. The influence of atmosphere on OWL reliability is explained. There are link models from which it is possible to determine a dependability of characteristics. A summary of basic
Research on Parallel Computing Model of BSP in the NOWs adapt Environment Song Anjun 451-235 The paper analyze the characteristic of Parallel Computing Model of BSP and NOWS, Research on Parallel Computing Model of BSP in the NOWS fit Environment. Indicate: some algorithm that designed rationalization parallel computing, acquire an approximately
Risks, assets and security in view of E-activities design and implementation.H. H.K.Mammi, Dr.M.O.Tokhi 451-274 As E-activities begin to acquire a more sure footing in today’s society, more and more groups, organizations and individuals are contributing to determining its safety and security. But safety and security of any scale will not endure the test of ti
Robust adaptive fuzzy controller design for wing rock syetems Chih-min Lin Chun-fei Hsu 451-269 In this study, a robust adaptive fuzzy control (RAFC) system is proposed. The RAFC system is comprised of a computation controller and a robust controller. The computation controller containing a neural-network-estimator is the principal controller and th
Robust output tracking of siso nonlinear systems with partially known uncertainties kai yu, chang-an zhao 451-114 This paper is concerned with the problem of robust output tracking of single-input and single-output nonlinear systems with partially known uncertainties. Based on Lyapunov method and input/output linearization approach for nonlinear state feedback synthe
Robust tracking and disturbance rejection in linear hybrid systems Altug Iftar 451-116 Robust tracking and disturbance rejection problem, which is commonly referred as the robust servomechanism problem, is considered for linear hybrid systems. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a solution to this problem are presen
Rule-Based inspection of wafer surface N.G. Shankar and  Z.W. Zhong 451-237 A template-based vision system for the 100% inspection of wafer die surfaces has been developed. Design goals included a requirement for the detection of flaws as small as two thousandths of an inch on parts up to 8-inch wafer size. Each die is 
Sample Size and Optimal AR Order Selection for Natural Signals Sakina I K Zabuawala, Avinash A Ravichandran, Narayanan Srinivasan 451-186 AR modeling is commonly used in modeling various signals. The sample size of the signals used for AR modeling as well as AR order is typically chosen based on prior knowledge or experience with those signals. In this paper we estimate the optimal AR order
Secure Cooperative Software Development for Handwritten Character Recognition S. Impedovo, R.Modugno, L. Sarcinella 451-299 The advent of the world wide web (www) and hypertext transfer protocol (http) has greatly changed the use of Internet. It has been, and probably will remain for several years, one of the fastest and easiest ways to share documents and exchange information
Secure mobile commerce based on xml security Jooyoung Lee, Kiyoung Moon 451-229 Companies across the world are turning to mobile commerce because mobility brings competitive advantages through personal contact, resource flexitbility and streamlined processes enabling comapanies to enhance revenue generation. Therefore success in the 
Security management system for iIntrusion detection Su-hyung jo, Jeong-nyeo kim, Sung-won sohn 451-130 Electronic business is rapidly popularized and extended through Internet. Internet has many security weaknesses, so we need the security solution such Intrusion Detection System that minimizes the damage of hacking and responds the intrusion dynamically. 
Simplified algorithm of generalized predictive control based on neural networks Lihui Zhou,Peng Li,Hairong Sun 451-295 With regard to nonlinear plants in process control, generalized predictive control strategy based on neural-network is analyzed. To ease real-time applications, a simplified algorithm is presented with an adaptive tuning coefficient and non-derivative opt
Statistics of feature extraction by topographic independent component analysis from natural images Radu Mutihac, Marc M. Van Hulle 451-289 Our contribution highlights the statistical properties and biological interpretation of the basis vectors (filters) that result from applying topographic independent component analysis (ICA) to feature extraction from patches of natural images. The consis
Steps Toward e-governance: Analyzing necisity of e-dentity of citizen in Bangladesh Jan Pieter Khilburg, Moshtaq Ahmed 451-108 Electronic governance offers an opportunity for governments to re-invent themselves, get closer to the citizenry and forge closer alliances and partnerships with diverse communities of interest, practice expertise, conviction and inter-dependence within t
Study of interface trap generation caused by dynamic Fowler-Nordheim (FN) stress on nMOSFETs J. Huang, T. P. Chen, and M. S. Tse 451-159 In this work, gate dielectric degradation under dynamic Fowler-Nordheim (FN) stress is studied. A novel interface characterization technique, direct-current current-voltage (DCIV) technique, is used to measure the interface trap generation cause
Texture classification using wavelet packets with genetic algorithm as a tool for threshold selection B.Sheela Rani, S.Renganathan 451-255 This paper describes a Genetic Algorithm based approach to classify textures at multiple scales using Wavelet Transform. If textures have no significant dominant frequency channel such as random texture or where multiple textures have similar dominant fre

The design and analysis of an expansible digital pulse compressor for coherent integration radar in time domain
Hyun-ik Shin,Joong-soo Lim,Sang-Kyu Kim,Jae-Jun Kim,Whan-woo Kim 451-256 In modern radar systems, digital pulse compressor (DPC) is becoming more common with the development of digital signal processor (DSP). The DPC is implemented using finite impulse response (FIR) filter algorithm in time domain or fast Fourier transform (F
The Efficient Authentication and Key Exchange Protocol suitable for Mobile Environments H.K. Lee, J.H. Nah and S.W. Sohn 451-301 Generally, mobile device must be light and small to make it more portable. So, mobile devices may have fewer resources and less computational power. When we design protocols for mobile communication environments, we should minimize the computational amoun

The levels of communication in PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) systems And - where each one is used
Omair A. Rahman 451-134 Those in the world of Automation and Control, and especially those like me that are at the stepping stones get baffled by the number and the type of controllers available; getting even more astounding if you add the constellation of communication componen
The Multimedia Messaging Center (MMC) – An Innovative Solution to Distance Collaboration and E-Learning Tony Chan, Frank T. M. Chen, Jersen Chen, Philip Chuang, Jenq-Neng Hwang, Qiang Liu, Yen-Hao Tseng, Robert Wang 451-223 The Multimedia Messaging Center, which consists of a Web Application and a Meeting Server, is an innovative solution that illustrates both versatility and flexibility for wide area network based interactive multipoint/multimedia distance collaboration and
The Simplified Action of Intelligent Fuzzy Control For A Multivariable Industrial Process Limin Liu, Shiping Wang and Hongxing Zhao 451-193 The automatic controls of some industrial processes have not been completed because it is difficult to find their amenable mathematical models or the mathematical models are too complicated to be used. The Intelligent Fuzzy Control makes it be possible to
Time-Frequency Analysis of Ultrasonic Echo for the Nondestructive Evaluation of Material Damage Shiwei Ma, Tetsuya Sasaki, Etsuji Yoshihisa and Takashi Honda 451-152 In nondestructive material evaluation technique, ultrasonic echoes exhibit critical time and frequency information. A time-frequency distribution can provide an effective tool to obtain frequency dependent ultrasonic characteristics related to certain mat
Trusted Authentication between User and System Soyoung Doo, JeongNyeo Kim, EunBae Kong, 451-131 Authentication is an important issue in E-Commerce. This paper describes a method of providing a trusted path between a user and a system using an access control processing technique. The method of providing a trusted path between a user and a system incl

Unequal Error Protection Codes for Wavelet Image Transmission over W-CDMA, AWGN and Rayleigh Fading Channels.
Minh H. Le and Ranjith Liyana-Pathirana 451-213 Wavelets are being utilized in various communications applications either as an alternative to short time Fourier transform for spectral analysis of non-stationary data or as a new tool to bridge between time domain and frequency domain analysis. A wavele
Unequal Loss Protection For Data-Partitioned Mpeg-4 Video Over The Packet Erasure Networks X. K. Yang, X. Lin, W. S. Lin, Z. G. Li 451-189 In this paper, we present a novel unequal loss protection (ULP) algorithm for robustly transporting data-partitioned MPEG-4 video over the packet erasure networks. To minimize the overall distortion in a frame, a redundancy-distortion optimization scheme 
Using speech annotation for home digital image indexing and retrieval Jiayi Chen,Tele Tan, Philippe Mulhem 451-168 We present in this paper a system for image indexing and retrieval through speech annotation made directly on a digital camera. The annotations are based on a pre-defined structured syntax and transcribed by an automatic speech recognition engine. N-best 
Value Chain Formation for e-Learning Outsourcing Services Frank T.M.Chen,Pd.D. , Alvin Y. L. Goh 451-195 A task is core when its outcome directly affects the competitive advantage of the company in its targeted markets. In any given category of business, one company's core may well be another company's context. Outsourcing the context and enhancing the core 
Video Object Segmentation With Robust Reference Frame Generation EePing Ong 451-197 In this paper, a video object segmentation algorithm with robust reference frame generation has been proposed.  This algorithm uses a robust approach for obtaining a reference background frame in order to improve the results of change detection and also s
Video Quality Assessment Using Radial Basis Function Neural Network Yao Susu; Lin Weisi; Lu Zhongkang; Ong Eeping 451-192 In this paper, a new method for perceptual video quality evaluation is proposed. The method is based on multi-feature of visual perception and various coding artifacts. A radial basis function neural network is used to give discrimination. The proposed me
Video quality evaluation with multiple coding artifacts L. Dong, W. Lin*, P. Xue 451-246 The study aims at identifying effects of different coding artifacts towards video quality in various situations, via comprehensive analysis of VQEG test results. It confirms that each coding artifact factor (e.g., blockiness or edge damage) may play diffe
Web-based Access Control in E-commerce Networks Ji Hu, Michael Schmitt,Christoph Meinel,Mingyu Wu 451-123 Leveraging the Internet, e-commerce marketplace, including business-to-consumer (B2C) and  business-to-business (B2B) online trades, booms greatly in recent years. For small or medium-size enterprises which hope to operate online shops, it is difficult an
Wireless PKI-based roaming services without the use of WIM, USIM smartcard Chanjoo Chung, Yong Lee, Jai-il Lee 451-225 Recently, the number of Korea wireless mobile terminal users surpassed the thirty million mark. This drastic increase in wireless data communication necessitates a component called security. As a solution for security in the wireless environment, wireless

The following papers belong to the 2002 WSEAS Int. Conferences MCBC, MCBE, ICAMSL, ICAI,
Puerto De La Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, Dec. 19-21, 2002
A Novel Design of A Generational Garbage Collector Adeel Abbas, Affan Ahmed, Waheed Uz Zaman Bajwa 452-103 In this paper, we describe an efficient and flexible generation scavenging garbage collector toolkit. Our methodology exceeds in systems where the cost associated with any single operation is bounded by small time constant. The collector maintains several

Human Behaviour Modelled as a Statistico-
Deterministic State Machine: Proof by Induction of the Absence of 'Free Will' and Consideration of Some Implications for the Justice
Ross Barnard 452-104 'Free will' and its corollary, the concept of individual responsibility are keystones of the  justice system. This paper shows that if we accept a physics that disallows  time reversal,  the concept of 'free will' is undermined by an integrated criminal j
Special Correlation of Dinucleotide Repeats in Human chromosome 21 I-Ching Yang, Ying-Ying Chen, Beverly Chen, Chi-Ching Chen 452-105 In the DNA sequences of human, genes are about 3%, and the others are repeat sequences. More and more experiments appear that the repeat sequences should influence the expression of genes. Microsatellites, one kind of repeat sequences, are tandem repeatin
The Lomborg Debate and the Nature of Science Education Michael Ellerbrock 452-106 The worldwide eruption of controversy over Bjørn Lomborg’s book, The Skeptical Environmentalist [1], focuses debate on the proper measures of environmental quality, use of the scientific method, economic versus engineering frameworks of analysis, validity
Incremental hough transform: an improvement algorithm for digital devices implementation. O.Djekoune , K. Achour, M. Halimi and S. Kahlouche. 452-107 Hough transform is one of the most common methods for detecting shapes (lines, circles, etc.) in binary or edge images. Its advantage is the ability to detect discontinuous patterns in noisy images, but it requires a large amount of computing power. This 
Hybrid Fuzzy Model Reference Learning Control for Missile Autopilot Design Elhalwagy Y. Z., Tarbouchi M. 452-108 This paper presents the application of hybrid direct adaptive fuzzy control techniques to a missile autopilot design. The proposed control structure is to augment existing conventional controller with a fuzzy model reference learning controller (FMRLC). T
A novel use of residual noise model for the Parallel Model Combination Cailian Miao, Yangsheng Wang 452-111 The model adaptation scheme PMC plays an important role in robust speech recognition. However, There are still some open problems in the PMC: how to get the model of convolutive noise, how to work efficiently in low SNR, etc. In this paper, the innovation
Valence topological charge-transfer indices for dipole moments Francisco Torrens 452-114 New topological valence charge-transfer indices are applied to the calculation of dipole moments. The algebraic and vector semisum charge-transfer indices  are defined. The combination of the charge-transfer indices allows the estimation of the dipole mom
An Option Pricing Framework for Valuation of Football Players Radu Tunaru Ephraim Clark Howard Viney 452-115 In this paper we develop a contingent claims framework for determining the financial value of professional football players. The football players are seen as real assets and this methodology can be used in the football industry, insurance industry and the
Prediction of hematocrit time evolution A.I. Ledesma and C.E. D'Attellis 452-117 The concentration of circulating blood elements shows a remarkable temporal variability. In this paper the hematocrit time evolution is analyzed as a stochastic process. Several methods for estimating the parameters of the stochastic model are compared. A

Developing and Realization of Computer-Aided Pricing System Providing Efficient Price Management for Russian Enterprises
Anna Madatova 452-118 The majority of Russian enterprises has been using the cost-based pricing till now. Obviously there are modern ways, that are more efficient because knowing buyer’s needs you will sell more. But it is not right practice to move from cost-based practice to
Spike detection using wavelets R.O. Sirne and C. E. D'Attellis 452-119 An algorithm for detecting spikes in electroencephalograms of epileptic patients is introduced. It is based on a multiresolution analysis defined from a Daubechies wavelet. The results obtained from two patients implanted with depth electrodes are shown. 
Nonlinear Feedback Control of a Dynamical Model of HIV-1 C.N. Rautenberg and C.E. D’Attellis 452-120 An HIV-1 model involving the dynamics of HIV-1 and CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes in human blood is considered. A feedback control derived from the geometric nonlinear control theory, and a discrete-time version of that control is analyzed. Results obtained in c
Individual-based simulations of the War of Attrition Winfried Just Fang Zhu 452-121 The War of Attrition model of John Maynard Smith predicts a single, mixed evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) for animal contests which are settled by conventional displays with no assessment of the opponent's fighting ability.  We test the predictions o
Robust Underwater Imaging with Fast Broadband Incoherent Synthetic Aperture Sonar K.Y. Foo, P. R. Atkins, T. Collins 452-123 Synthetic aperture techniques have been of interest to the sonar imaging community, but suffer from the problems of maintaining phase coherence and a slow mapping rate. The need for rigorous and accurate platform trajectory monitoring often increases the 
Application of the epidemic model to forecast the number of POS in the portuguese banking sector Fernando Ferreira, Nuno Pereira, Pedro Cravo 452-124 In the last fifteen years, the automatic payment in Portugal has showed periods of very strong growth. In fact, the present Portuguese banking net system has a capacity of more than 90.600 point-of-sale machines, where it is allowed to buy and pay any ser
Prediction of epileptic seizure onset S.Gigola, F.Ortiz, C.D’Attellis, S.Kochen, W.Silva 452-126 Records of brain electrical activity from intracranial EEG are analyzed to predict the epileptic seizure onset. We present a method based on the evolution of the accumulated energy, but using wavelet analysis. This mathematical tool allows to analyze the 
Computer Models of Sympatric and Allopatric Speciation Ross Clement 452-127 Computer models show that sympatric speciation is possible given a simple and intuitive set of assumptions. Hard evidence suggests that sympatric speciation is at most a rare occurrence. Previous models assume unrealistic small overlaps between feeding ni
On the weak and numerical solutions of the forward problem in EEG Diana Rubio, Maria Ines Troparevsky 452-128 The Forward Problem in EEG consists on finding the scalp potential due to current sources within the brain. Electrical activity in the brain is governed by the laws of electromagnetics. Thus, to solve the problem, Maxwell Equations must be solved in a vol

Pitch Estimation of Song Sounds Using Parallel-Connected Comb Filters and  Singular Value Decomposition
Michiru Yamaguchi and Yoshiaki Tadokoro 452-129 A new pitch estimation method for song sounds using twelve comb filters and singular value decomposition (SVD) processing is presented. This method is based on the ability of a comb filter, corresponding to one tone, to eliminate the tone's pitch and harm

A New Systematic Determination Approach of a Models’ Base For the Representation of Uncertain Systems
Ltaief Majda, Ben Abdennour Ridha, Abderrahim Kamel, Ksouri Mekki 452-130 In this paper we suggest a strategy for the systematic determination of a base of models for the representation of the uncertain discrete linear systems. This strategy is based on a numerical data classification approach and it is divided into
Operational Risk Management Expert System Dulce Magalhães de Sá 452-131 Operational risk in banking and finance has been worrying international supervision organizations. This can be partially explained by the fact that the significant losses that occurred recently do not fit into other types of financial risks for which seve
Two-dimensional replacement-repair warranty policy M.Rabbani, A.A.Zamani 452-133 In this paper, a method is developed to minimize the expected warranty servicing cost per item sold. In this method, to be decided to repair or replace a failed item. These kinds of items work in multi-state deteriorating and they may fail in every state.
Reengineering UMAS Knowledge Acquisition for Controlling Network Resources Abdullah Gani, N.Abouzakhar, G.Manson 452-134 This paper presents an intelligent User Manager Agent System (UMAS) that has a capability of controlling users’ requests for accessing network resources. In performing the tasks, UMAS requires several sets of training data for decision-making process in w
Pitch detection of musical sounds noticing minimum output of parallel connected comb filters Yoshiaki Tadokoro,Takeo Morita,Michiru Yamaguchi 452-135 This paper proposes a simple pitch detection method using the parallel connected comb filters. We can know the pitches of a musical sound by detecting the smaller outputs in twelve comb filters connected in parallel. Each comb filter has zero points cor

Making Interactive Electroacoustic Music with Computer through the Use of RTMix -- a Real-Time

Interactive Electroacoustic Music Performance, Composition, and Coaching Interface
Ivica Ico Bukvic 452-136 With the technological advancements in computer technology, the making of the real-time computer-aided interactive music has become a reality. However, due to lack of comprehensive software, such form of artistic expression still proves to be a daunting t
Modeling stock price volatility using data from the order book Nikolaos C. Kourogenis, Alexandros Benos 452-137 In this paper we study the dependencies between bid or ask orders and realized stock transactions. The stock price is considered as a moment where the maximum bid price and the minimum ask price coincide. Using information from the order book of the Frenc
Predicting the Stock Market Using Clementine Eric Graubins, David Grossman 452-138 The application of KDD (Knowledge Discovery in Databases) techniques to the analysis of stock market data has been validated as an effective method for the identification of high performing stocks. Using a database of firm fundamental information for the 

Recognition of greek sign language using geometrical properties of alphabet letters and Hidden Markov Models
Vassilia Pashaloudi Konstantinos Margaritis 452-139 Sign languages are the basic means of communication between hearing impaired people. The work presented in this paper continues our previous work, aiming at developing a system that could recognize and translate isolated and continuous Greek Sign Language
UMAS Learning Requirement for Controlling Network Resources Abdullah Gani, N.Abouzakhar, Gordon Manson 452-141 This paper presents an intelligent User Manager Agent System (UMAS) in which it has a capability of making a management decision for balancing the network load with the users’ requests for accessing network resources. A conventional users’ request for acc
Abstract Procedure Description: An Improved Notation for Writing Abstract Test Suites Harry Santoso, Pandu Poluan 452-142 Conformance Testing is based on Abstract Test Suites (ATSs) and Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proformas. Standardized ATSs are usually written in the Tree and Tabular Combined Notation (TTCN). However, TTCN has some serious limitati
A new multistage search of algebraic celp codebooks based on trellis coding M. Halimi,A. Kaddai,M. Bengherabi 452-143 This paper proposes a new multistage technique of algebraic  codebook in CELP coders called Trellis Search inspired from the Trellis Coded Quantization (TCQ). This search  technique is  implemented into the fixed codebook of the standard G.729
Fault-Tolerant Ethernet for Process, Machinery and Drives Kimmo Kaario, Rauno Veijola 452-144 Need for deterministic performance and network redundancy have been the most challenging issues to be solved before getting Ethernet as the base for process control networks. This paper introduces Fault-Tolerant Ethernet (FTE), a protocol that makes it po
Planning And Creativity Within A Poetic Path: Music Simoni Luciano 452-147 The musical creation is examined and compared with an engineering project. The two works proceed in a similar manner, starting from an idea that gives rise to a project and finally to the completed work. The composer’s path is thus similar to that of any 
Control of a Car-Like Vehicle with a Reference Model and Particularization Luis Gracia     Josep Tornero 452-148 In this paper, we have highlighted the importance of the wheeled mobile robot (WMR) model for designing control strategies. In this sense, the differential model has been used as reference model in order to design the control algorithm. After the control 
Instantaneous Frequency Estimation Using a Least Squares Time-Frequency Method Mahmut Ozturk, Aydin Akan 452-149 We present a method for estimating the instantaneous frequency of a signal. This method involves the calculation of a time-frequency energy density of the signal, then obtaining an instantaneous frequency estimate from this joint density. Time-frequency e
Analysis of Clock Interconnects at Multi-Ghz Frequencies Incorporating Inductance Effect M.A.Azadpour, T.S.Kalkur 452-150 Due to decreasing device sizes and increasing clock speed, the interconnect delay is the dominant factor in clock skew. This delay has been extracted as RC component in available EDA tools. In this paper, we model the interconnect as RLC for systems run
Query processing in an object data model with dynamic roles Jacek Plodzien, Kazimierz Subieta 452-151 The paper presents the general framework of a special object-oriented query language which incorporates the concept of dynamic object roles. A number of questions both for the language and its data model (the so-called stack-based approach) are covered, a
Noise-induced  synchronization and coherence resonance  of  homoclinic chaos C.S. Zhou, E. Allaria, F.T. Arecchi, S. Boccaletti, R. Meucci and J. Kurths 452-153 We present numerical and experimental evidence of noise-induced synchronization (NIS) and coherence resonance (CR) in homoclinic chaos. These two constructive effects of noise are realized in one experimental laser system, and for weak noise intensities t
On the computation of macroeconomic dynamic equilibrium via wavelets M. Esteban-Bravo and J. M. Vidal-Sanz 452-154 The aim of this paper is to describe the wavelets-projection methods for computing dynamic equilibria in macroeconomic models. Wavelets are families of orthogonal basis functions with special properties, particularly useful for solving functional systems 
Using the MPEG-7 Standard for the Description of Musical Content Emilia Gómez, Fabien Gouyon, Perfecto Herrera, Xavier Amatriain 452-155 The aim of this paper is discussing possible ways of describing some music constructs in a dual context: that of a specific software application (a tool for content-based management and edition of samples and short audio phrases), and that of the current 
Applying Scaled Conjugate Gradient for the Classification of Infant Cry with Neural Networks J. Orozco-Garcia, Carlos A. Reyes-Garcia 452-157 This work presents the development of an automatic recognition system of infant cry, with the objective to classify two types of cry: hunger and pain. In this study, we used acoustic characteristic obtained by means of the Linear Prediction and Intensity 
Data Fusion. Properties of Common Documents Distributions Nikolai Buzikashvili 452-158 The effectiveness of metasearch data fusion procedures crucially depends on properties of common documents distributions. Because we know neither how different search engines assign relevance scores nor the similarity of these assigments, common documents
Bayesian Metanetworks for Mobile Web Content Personalization Vagan Terziyan, Oleksandra Vitko 452-159 The problem of profiling and filtering the Web content is important particularly for the mobile applications where wireless network traffic and mobile terminal size are limited comparing to the Internet access from the PC. Dealing with uncertainty when so
Sinusoid Modeling and Noise-excited LPC Reconstruction of Speech Synthesis M. Flissi 452-160 In this paper, an algorithm is proposed for Harmonic/stochastic decomposition of the signal for synthesis speech. This Algorithm is based on representation the periodic portion (Voicing, pitched ) of speech by a sinusoidal model and the stochastic portion
Defining Producer's and Consumers's Risk:  Classical, Average, and Posterior Risk Elisabeth J. Umble, Michael Umble 452-161 The classical definitions of producer’s and consumer’s risks assume fixed values of the proportion defective.  Graves and Ringuest suggest that these risks should instead be defined to allow proportion defective to be a random variable [4].  T
Fuzzy average to estimate a situation of a complex system of bioavailability Regina Lanzillotti , Haydee Lanzillotti 452-162 The objective at this paper was to delineate a diagnosis system that translates the interactive effect of the calcium and of the ascorbic acid intake on nonheme-iron absorption from a meal. It was used the fuzzy arithmetic mean, an extension of the arithm
Study comparative between the algorithms of Monsen and Hallberg Haydée Lanzillotti, Emilson Portella, Eliane Soares, Mônica Borges, Regina Lanzillotti 452-163 The objective of the study is to compare the methods of Monsen and  Hallberg/Hulthen to calculate the nonheme-iron absorption in the meals. Transversal retrospective study of case used an accidental sample with 72 meals. The calculation of nutrients was m
A stock's price volatility model using data from the order book Nikolaos C. Kourogenis, Alexandros Benos 452-164 In this paper we study the dependencies between bid or ask orders and realized stock transactions. The stock price is considered as a moment where the maximum bid price and the minimum ask price coincide. Using information from the order book of the Frenc
Projective and affine spatial operators for regions Roland Billen Eliseo Clementini 452-165 Among Geographic Information Systems functionality is the retrieval of spatial data by using various spatial operators. The proposal of this paper is about the definition of new spatial operators that are based on projective and affine geometric invariant
Application of uncertain temporal relations algebra to diagnostic problems Vladimir Ryabov, Vagan Terziyan 452-166 Temporal representation and reasoning has been implemented so far to many areas including medical applications. Mining and identification of temporal patterns plays an important role in medical diagnostics. Temporal scenarios of different diseases, therap
A Novel Adaptive Algorithm for Fingerprint Segmentation Sen Wang, Yang Sheng Wang 452-167 Fingerprint image segmentation is one of the most important steps in automatic fingerprint identification, and it heavily influences the performance of fingerprint identification system. Minutiae are local discontinuities in the fingerprint pattern which 
Symbolic and Fractal Methods in Exploration of Sleep Dynamics Wlodzimierz Klonowski, Elzbieta Olejarczyk, Robert Stepien 452-168 We analyze sleep EEG-data using two analytical methods – the first is based on Higuchi’s fractal dimension of the signal and the second is a symbolic method applied to signal’s derivative. We demonstrate that the fractal dimension method differentiate bet
Music Content Description Schemes and the MPEG-7 Standard Emilia Gómez, Fabien Gouyon, Perfecto Herrera, Xavier Amatriain 452-169 The aim of this paper is to review and discuss possible ways of describing the content of musical files in the context of a specific software application (a tool for content-based management and edition of samples and short audio phrases). Available or fe
BezierPkg: An Interactive Tool for Generation of Smooth Surfaces Sachin B. Patkar,Ravi Gautam,V. Goel,P. Srivastav 452-170 Generating a Surface of a desired shape as a single patch is     computationally complicated and inefficient. We need to use simple     small patches approximating small portions of the given/probable     surface. For generating the surface as a patchwork
A graph partitioning system for natural unbalanced partitions Sachin B. Patkar, Viraj Kumar, Hardeep Kaur, Bijit Hore 452-171 We describe here a graph partitioning system that aims at producing naturally unbalanced multiway partitions of a large graph. This system makes use of ideas of 2-phase FM (coarsening,partitioning,refinement), multilevel refinement and 

Enhanced Best Effort QoS Routing with Multiple Prioritised Metrics Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Concept
Abdullah M. S. Alkahtani, M. E. Woodward, K. Al-Begain and Abdullah Alghannam 452-172 In this paper, we propose two algorithms. The first supports Enhanced Best effort Quality of service Routing with Multiple and Prioritised Metrics (EBQRMPM). The second supports Enhanced Best effort Quality of service Routing with Multiple Metrics (EBQRMM
Pseudo-Articulatory Basis in Speech Recognition Li Zhang, William Edmondson 452-173 This paper presents an account of the use of syllable structure as the basis for a novel approach to speech recognition.  This contrasts with the serial organization of more conventional phonetic segments, and their use in speech recognition systems.  It 
Elliptical Fourier Descriptors for shape retrieval in biological images Benedetto Ballarò, Piergiorgio Reas, DomenicoTegolo 452-174 The retrieval of information in a standard database can be obtained in different way and in some cases a lot of steps occur to extract the searched information. More difficult exist when we are looking for a pictorial information in a database. This paper
Cost-effective migration to all-ip third-generation wireless communications infrastructure Stanislav Milanovic,Nikos E. Mastorakis 452-175 Many mobile operators around the world will implement 3G systems over the next few years and will gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace as a result. The question will be whether the operators can move to 3G economically, with a cost base that su
Nonlinear analysis of sleep stages using detrended fluctuation analysis: normal vs. sleep apnea Jong-min lee, dae-jin kim, in-young kim, sun i. Kim 452-177 The purpose of this paper is to compare the characteristics of EEGs, which typically exhibit non-stationarity and long-range correlations, by calculating its scaling exponents in between sleep apnea and the normal conditions. Detrended fluctuation analysi
Complex activity and stochastic resonance in the hippocampus Hatsuo Hayashi, Motoharu Yoshida, and Satoru Ishizuka 452-178 Evidence for chaos in the brain has been provided using CA3 slices of the rat hippocampus. It has also been reported that a CA3 network model developed on the basis of physiological knowledge reproduces complex activity including chaos. Complex CA3 activi
Low delay 16 kb/s wideband speech coder with  fast  search  methods M. Halimi,A. Kaddai,M. Bengherabi 452-179 In this paper, a low delay 16 kb/s wideband speech coder with a buffering delay of 1.25 ms is introduced. This coder is basically inspired from the G.728 LD-CELP standard for narrowband speech signals. Our main goal is to reduce the implementation complex
Application of distributed expert systems to the advanced control of smart houses Alberto Bonastre, Juan V. Capella, Rafael Ors 452-180 A distributed expert system has been proposed for the smart house control. Its configuration is mainly based on the use of distributed nodes connected by means of a CAN network. This kind of systems permit the implementation of highly flexible control sys
A Vector-Predictive Multi-Mode Matrix Quantization Approach for Parametric Speech Coding Jani Nurminen, Ari Heikkinen, and Jukka Saarinen 452-182 In parametric speech coding, the accuracy of parameter quantization has a significant effect on speech quality. In this paper, we present a flexible and high-fidelity multi-mode quantization approach that combines the beneficial features of predictive vec
Mining SNP associated with disease to annotate non-documented transcription factor binding sites localizable at the related genes Julia Ponomarenko, Galina Orlova, Tatyana Merkulova, Elena Gorshkova, Gennady Vasiliev, Oleg Fokin, Anatoly Frolov, Vadim Valuev, Mikhail Ponomarenko 452-183 Since Human Genome is sequenced, the Genome Annotation (i.e., the computer-based predictions addressed to the experimental identifications for the protein-coding and regulatory gene regions), becomes a challenge of bioinformatics. With this in mind, we ha
Prediction of Malignant Melanoma Incidence Antony Brown, Carsten Maple 452-184 There has been a lot of interest in applying modelling techniques cancer statistics for a variety of analytical reasons. Haukulinen and Dyba [4] have applied linear, log-linear and non-linear regression to the problem of predicting incidence rates. In thi
Hardware Architectures for Mobile Robots Leopoldo Armesto, Juan Carlos Torres        Josep Tornero 452-185 This paper deals with the general problem of designing hardware architectures for mobile robots. In particular, four different architectures of mobile robots have been studied. An architecture for an industrial forklift, used in the automation of manageme
Transport Process Automation with Industrial Forklifts Leopoldo Armesto Josep Tornero      Juan Carlos Torres 452-186 This paper deals with transport process automation of industrial plants with industrial forklifts. In particular, a forklift has been completely automated based on external and internal sensors. A specific hardware architecture have been implemented and t
Studies in the Statistical Modelling of Dialogue Turn Pairs in the British Nationa Corpus Gordon Hunter, Mark Huckvale 452-187 This article describes some preliminary investigations into the statistical properties of the transcribed dialogues that were collected for the British National Corpus of English.  Our aim has been to look for evidence of linguistic structure which could 
Harmonic response of wind instruments via BEM Umberto Iemma, Francesco Cecconi 452-188 The aim of this paper is to present a recently developed methodology for the prediction of the harmonic response of arbitrarily shaped pipes of musical interest. The accurate prediction of the input and radiation spectra of the resonating air-column  repr
Managing total security services Ernst R Egelid, Catharina Candolin 452-189 Providing security services to the society is a difficult task. The main problems stem from the fact that predicting the occurence of possible threats has become more difficult and the threats are no longer one-dimensional, i.e. purely military. Thus, dif
Strategic analysis of market segments through self-organizing ANNs considering multiple attributes Raquel Flórez-López 452-190 The segmentation of clients in a specific market is very useful to identify different groups of them that let develop specific marketing policies to better suit the demand and to get a higher market share. This item is specially relevant when a new produc
Performance analysis of the static use of locking caches A. Martí Campoy, A. Perles, S. Sáez, J.V. Busquets-Mataix 452-191 The unpredictable behavior of conventional caches presents several problems when used in real-time multitask systems. It is difficult to know its effects in the Worst Case Execution Time and it introduces additional delays when different tasks compete for
Improving the Interleaved Signature Instruction Stream Technique Francisco Rodriguez, Jose C. Campelo, Juan J. Serrano 452-192 Control flow monitoring using a watchdog processor is a well-known technique to increase the dependability of a microprocessor system. Most approaches embed reference signatures for the watchdog processor into the processor instruction stream creating not
A Possible Mechanism of Repressing Cheating Mutants in Myxobacteria Ying Xiao Winfried Just 452-193 The formation of fruiting bodies by myxobacteria colonies involves altruistic suicide by many individual bacteria and is thus vulnerable to exploitation by cheating mutants.  We report results of simulations that show how in a structured environment with 

Enhancing News Reading Experience through Personalization of Content and Services Using Intelligent Agents
Logandran Balavijendran, Cheong Soon Nyean, Azhar Kassim Mustapha 452-194 One of the most common things we use the Internet for is to read the news. But there is so much news catering for so many people, that it often gets confusing and difficult to read what you want to read about. This system uses an Intelligent Agent to gues
Multilevel Rendering of Document Images Andreas Savakis 452-195 Rendering document images for scanning and printing applications typically involves binarization via adaptive thresholding, halftoning, or color dropout.  While bitonal rendering is often adequate, there are cases where multi-level rendering is required t
A Data Mining Approach based on Votes Strategies to Classify Biological Sequences Mourad Elloumi, Mondher Maddouri and Fawzi Mhamdi 452-198 Biological sequences, i.e., DNA, RNA and proteins, are coded by strings called primary structures. During the last decades, the number and the complexity of these primary structures is growing exponentially. Analyzing this huge volume of data to extract p
A Machine Learning Based Approach for Web Image Classification Soosun Cho, Heesook Shin, Dongwoo Lee, Dongwon Han, and Chijung Hwang 452-199 The ubiquity of the Internet has brought about an increasing amount of multi-formatted Web documents. If images in a Web document can be classiffied by which have particular information or not, then it would be very useful for analysis and multi-formattin
Nonlinear Filters  As Edge Enhancers And Their Application To Wounds Ms. A.G. Deshpande, Dr. T. R. Sontakke, Ms. M.S. Joshi 452-200 This paper presents computerized  analysis of wounds(injuries)  in which different edge detection techniques  are  used like Sobel, Prewit, Robert , Laplacian. Their performance evaluation is done. Parameters  for performance evaluation  are
Emotion Recognition in spontaneous emotional utterances from Movie Sequences radhika sharma, ulrich neumann, choon-woo kim 452-201 In this study we report the results of automatic emotion recognition experiment performed on spontaneous emotional utterances from movie sequences for three emotions: anger, happiness and sorrow.  Bayesian classifier and radial basis function networks t
Modelling vaccine effects on HIV-1 viral dynamics John Guardiola and Antonia Vecchio 452-202 Mathematical models of viral dynamics are useful for describing viral progression upon infection and viral decline after drug treatment. HIV-1 models including intracellular delays and pharmacological delays appear to be a more accurate representation of 
Design Of Acoustical Spatialisation In Peculiar Italian Theatres Lamberto Tronchin Valerio Tarabusi Paola Ricciardi 452-203 Sound quality is a relevant key factor in the restoration of theatres. Italian theatres, especially Opera Houses, are usually characterized by a typical horse-shoe shape. In this paper, an innovative technology has been carried out, in order to predict an
Methods for parallel simulations of surface reactions S.V. Nedea, J.J. Lukkien, A.P.J. Jansen, P.A.J. Hilbers 452-204 We study the opportunities for parallelism for the simulation of surface reactions. We introduce the concept of a partition and we give new simulation methods based on Cellular Automaton using partitions. We elaborate on the advantages and disadvantages o
Novel wavelet based speech enhancement technique M. S. El-Mahallawy, W. Fakhr and N. Hamdy 452-205 A single-channel speech enhancement technique using a combination of “Wiener filtering” and spectral subtraction in the wavelet domain is proposed and evaluated.  In particular, the technique was compared to several other common enhancement methods such a
Speech Coding Parameters and Their Influence on Speech Recognition Jari Turunen, Damjan Vlaj, Pekka Loula, Bogomir Horvat 452-207 Speech recognition over different transmission channels will set demands on the parametric encoded/decoded speech. The effects of different types of noise have been studied a lot and the effects of the parametrization process in speech has been known to c
FPGA Realization of Fuzzy Based Subway Train Braking System Mamun Bin Ibne Reaz, Mohd. Shahiman Sulaiman 452-208 In this paper, we present the FPGA realization of fuzzy based subway train braking system on Altera FLEX10K device to provide an accurate and increased speed of convergence of the network. The fuzzy based subway train braking system is comprised of fuzzif

AMANDA, Array MANagement DAtabase: a tool for the management of microarray experiment dataAMANDA,

Array MANagement DAtabase: a tool for the management of microarray experiment data

         G.H. López-Campos,
B. Martín-Calderón

I. Hermosilla, F.Martín-Sánchez

 
452-209 Array Management Database (AMANDA) is a relational database designed and developed as a tool for the management and storage of data obtained from microarray experiments. The data base it is also a laboratory information management system as it is able to 
A Repulsive Clustering Algorithm for Gene Expression Data Chyun-Shin Cheng,Shiuan-Sz Wang 452-210 Facing the development of microarray technology, clustering is currently a leading technique to gene expression data analysis. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm called repulsive clustering, which is developed for the use of gene expression data 
Html page transcoding technique for mobile devices Heesook Shin, Soosun Cho, Dongwoo Lee, Pyeongsoo Mah 452-211 We propose a new HTML page transcoding technique for hand-held devices connected to the wireless Internet in order to give successful display of original web pages designed for desktop computers in wired network. Our approach is based on the observation t
Determination of Sound Source Obstruction in Virtual Scenes Ulrich Reiter, Oliver Baum, Helge Drumm, Michael Schuldt 452-212 This paper deals with an important aspect of user immersion in interactive virtual environments. Problems with virtual objects located between sound sources and listener in virtual scenes are discussed. Three different methods of detecting sound source ob
Automatic chorus segmentation of music documents using self-similarity Simon Wiest, Andreas Zell 452-213 Content-based information retrieval is becoming increasingly important for audio document collections. We present a segmentation algorithm for discreetly sampled music documents that employs similarities in the frequency domain between small time slices. 
Hybrid mobile security protocol: formal verification using a new modal logic T.Newe,T.Coffey 452-214 Hybrid cryptographic security protocols find applications in many areas of communications, none more demanding than in the mobile security sector. In recent years a number of hybrid cryptographic security protocols have been proposed for use with 3G mobil
Output-Based Objective Speech Quality Measure D. Picovici and A. E. Mahdi 452-215 This paper proposes a new output-based method for assessing speech quality and evaluates its performance. The measure is based on comparing the output speech to an artificial reference signal representing the closest match from an appropriately formulated
LP-based Graphical Visualisation of the Vocal Tract A. E. Mahdi and J. Zeller 452-217 This paper describes a computer-based system for visualisation of the human vocal tract shapes during vowel articulation. Based on the assumption that the speech production process is an autoregressive (AR) model, the system estimates the vocal tract shap
A New Mapping Method for Matching Stereo Images Mohamed Hariti, Yassine Ruichek, Abderrafiaa Koukam 452-218 Passive stereo vision is a well known approach for recovering 3D information from two or more video images. The key task is the so-called correspondence problem. It consists of identifying features in the left and right images that are projections of the 
Time delay estimation and adaptive frame length iterations for noise robust pitch extraction Ramon Prieto Sora Kim 452-219 We describe a pitch tracking method based on a time delay estimation technique. Given two frames of voiced speech and it's time delay, we will run a linear regression on the unwrapped phase of the quotient of the spectrum of both  frames. A weighted linea
Least Squares Multi-window Evolutionary Spectral Estimation Mahmut Yalcin, Aydin Akan, Mahmut Ozturk 452-220 We present a multi-window method for obtaining the time-frequency spectrum of non-stationary signals such as speech and music. This method is based on optimal combination of evolutionary spectra that are calculated by using multi-window Gabor expansion. T
Reduced complexity and high quality 8 kb/s cs-acelp speech codec Mojtaba Valinetaj,Bahjat Forouzandeh 452-222 There is an increasing demand for the low-cost and high-efficient speech coders used in personal multimedia communications and Voice over IP applications. In this paper we present the general aspects of ITU-T recommendation G.729 8 kb/s CS-ACELP coding sc
A Multi-window Fractional Evolutionary Spectral Analysis Yalcin Cekic, Aydin Akan, Mahmut Ozturk 452-223 In this work, we present a multiple window Evolutionary Spectral analysis on a non-rectangular time-frequency lattice based on a discrete fractional Gabor expansion. The traditional Gabor expansion uses a fixed, and rectangular time-frequency plane tiling
Block-Oriented-Model in Speech Coding Jari Turunen, Pekka Loula, Juha T. Tanttu 452-225 In this paper we present an adaptive Block Oriented Model (BOM) realization for speech coding. The proposed structure has nonlinear feedback property and speech frame based coefficient identification that can be utilized in speech coding.
Ip-based wcdma solution for advanced wireless services provision Stanislav Milanovic,Nikos E. Mastorakis 452-226 Most operators will aggressively deploy Third Generation networks (3G) on their markets focusing on Wireless Multimedia and Mobile Internet. This will result from regulatory demands or from being in a very competitive market where quick 3G rollout is seen
Digital Library Middleware Web Services: Module to Access a Z39.50 based Virtual Union Catalogue Joaquim A. Martins, Hélder T. Zagalo, Joaquim S. Pinto 452-228 We are building a set of middleware Web Services to support a digital library, offering improved scalability, reliability and interoperability. This paper describes one module of this overall middleware related with the conception and implementation of a 
Nonlinear analysis of brain activity in cirrhotic patients Michele Barbi,Santi Chillemi,Angelo Di Garbo,Piero Amodio,Sara Montagnese 452-229 The electroencephalogram (EEG) is frequently altered in cirrhotic patients. We therefore undertook a study aiming at ascertaining the features and the prognosis of cirrhotic subjects followed up during the time course of their illness. The stu
A Connectionist Model of Partial Tracking in Musical Signals Matija Marolt, Alenka Kavcic, Marko Privosnik, Sasa Divjak 452-230 This paper presents our recent work in developing a system for transcription of polyphonic piano music. Our goal is to build a system that would automatically transcribe polyphonic piano music from the audio signal, discovering notes, their onsets and o
Nonlinear discontinuous attitude control of an underactuated satellite using two wheels Nadjim Mehdi HORRI , Stephen Hodgart 452-231 Failure of mechanical controllers onboard a satellite is a well known phenomenon that has already been disastrous for several space missions. In the case studied here, we take as an example the mini-satellite UoSat-12 built by SSTL at University of Surrey
The Performance And Throughput Of OPC With Cryptography José Luiz de Freitas Júnior; Edilberto Teixeira; João Souza 452-235 This work presents some performance results of the utilization of the IDEA cryptographic algorithm with OPC standard using automation interfaces. The application developed in this paper uses the OPC standard, furnished by the OPC Foundation, a
Power Systems Contingency Analysis Software for Education, Research, and Training Mohamad R. Khaldi 452-236 Power systems are spread over a large area of land, and their operation constantly undergoes changes due to components’ governing physical laws, operational mishaps, or natural disasters. Consequently, power systems can be classified as spatial, tempora
Quality of Service and High Availability in Corporation-Wide Control Networks Kimmo Kaario Timo Hämäläinen 452-237 Internet has opened traditional process control networks. In most of the cases, system maintenance people can do their work by using Virtual Private Networks (VPN) and other securing mechanisms, and the production process can be observed via web browsers 
XML Proxy to Access Z39.50/MARC Capable Systems Joaquim A. Martins, Hélder Zagalo, Daniel Santos, Sérgio Postilhão 452-238 The objective of this work is to build a gateway to allow a Z39.50 distributed search system to have a friendlier web based user interface. To achieve this, a conversion between MARC and XML is done, using the Dublin Core profile to do the translation. Th
Multi-Ranking Method for Fuzzy FMEA Muhammad Suzuri Hitam, Suresh Gobee and Khairanum Subari 452-239 In this paper, we extend the method introduced by Bowles and Peláez (1995) for the risk ranking in Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA). This method is called as multi-ranking method allows combination of both the quantitative method (numeric ranking a
Thermal Inactivation Parameters for cod pepsin, cod pepsinogen and porcine pepsin Mat Amin Amiza and R.K. Owusu Apenten 452-240 The thermal inactivation parameters of cod pepsin, cod pepsinogen and porcine pepsinis were compared at pH 2, 40-65oC.   Cod pepsinogen and cod pepsin were less stable than porcine pepsin mainly as a result of large value of activation entropy.
Fuzzy Control in Multi-Component Energetic Systems Tibor Tari,  Sándor Könczöl, László  T. Kóczy, Antal Penninger 452-241 The application of fuzzy control methods in systems with highly non-linear dynamics has proved successful in many areas. Fuzzy control can be found in lots of consumer electronics devices and especially in the field of air conditioning and heat
Dynamic neural network modelling of somatosensory pathways relating to feedback control of anaesthesia D.a.Linkens,C.h.Ting.A.Angel 452-242 The whole question of consciousness,awareness and depth of anaesthesia is both timely,little understood and deeply challenging.Models of the underlying neural pathway mechanisms/dynamics are necessary for understanding the interactions involved and their 
Visually augmented POMDP for indoor robot navigation López M.E.,Barea R.,Bergasa L.M.,Escudero M.S. 452-243 This paper presents a new approach to robustly track a robot’s location in indoor environments using a partially observable Markov model. This model is constructed from topological representation of the environment, plus actuator an sensor characteristics
Comparison of audio signal codings for Zipf analysis Emmanuel Dellandrea, Pascal Makris, Nicole Vincent, Michele Boiron 452-244 We present in this paper a comparison of audio signal codings that we have developed in order to study xiphoidal sounds. These sounds are produced by the lower oesophageal sphincter whose dysfonctionnement can be responsible for the gastro-eosophageal ref
Facial Features Tracking applied to Drivers Drowsiness Detection L. M. Bergasa, R. Barea, E. López, M. Escudero, J. I. Pinedo 452-248 In this paper we describe a real time facial features tracker applied to the detection of some basic drowsiness behaviours in drivers, with a colour camera. It uses stochastic colour segmentation to robustly track a person’s skin and some facial features 
Extracting of specific knowledge through rbf-fuzzy networks and genetic algorithms M. S. Escudero, L. M. Bergasa, E. López, R. Barea 452-249 This paper proposes the application of Genetic Learning as a procedure for the optimal design and training of neuro-fuzzy systems. Once this learning procedure has been implemented, hybridization between Genetic Algorithms (GA) and the traditional local s
Decision Fuzzy Making Methodology for Apllication on Productive Chain Marcos Simões 452-250 The purpose of this work is to present a methodology for the decision fuzzy making in applications on the industry productive chain. The decision fuzzy process is divided in two levels. In the first one, a formal net is held responsible for the transition
Speaker Indexing in a noisy environment. -Investigation of 3 types of noise- H. Sayoud, S. Ouamour and  M. Boudraa 452-251  Speaker indexing can broadly be divided into two problems: Locating the points of speaker change (Segmentation) and Identifying the speaker in each segment (Labeling). An important obstacle, in the speaker tracking, is the corruption of the sp
Development of Intelligent Techniques for Distribution Systems Reconfiguration G. Lambert Torres, L.E. Borges da Silva, A.R. Aoki, C.H.V. Moraes, B.R. Costa and J.A. Barbosa 452-252 This paper presents the developments made in the Technological Development and Research Program from Brasilia Energy Company (CEB) in the same subject of this paper. This project has set up a set of procedures that were introduced into computer packages, 
Intelligent System for Trucks Move to Attend the Distribution Network G. Lambert Torres, L.E. Borges da Silva, A.R. Aoki, C.H.V. Moraes, B.R. Costa and J.A. Barbosa 452-253 This article presents the developments made on Technology Development and Research Program from The Brasilia Power Company (CEB) in the same title of this paper.  This project has developed an automatic analysis methodology  and a computer package, aiming
Automatic e-commerce using a mobile agent model Salvatore Pennacchio, Francesco Maria Raimondi 452-254 Electronic commerce business to business using mobile agents is one of the most important future promise and also one good result of global mobility code. As we will show later, classic commerce model and electronic commerce model both introduce advantage
Optimal multidrug chemotherapy taking into account drug resistance stemming from gene amplification J. Smieja, A. Swierniak 452-255 - The paper is concerned with development of optimal chemotherapy protocols which take into account both action of several drugs and the evolution of drug resistance. First, a biological background is given. Subsequently, the developed technique is presen
 
The following papers belong to
2002 WSEAS MMACTEE-WAMUS-NOLASC,
Vouliagmeni, Athens, Greece, Dec. 29-31, 2002
1/f noise of digitally-disordered Davydov beta kinks Haret Rosu 453-164 We discuss the digital disorder of Davydov beta kinks introduced by Rosu and Canessa a decade ago [Phys. Rev. E 47, R3818 (1993)]. The digitally-disordered Davydov beta kinks display self-organized features, i.e., power law correlations both in time and s
A novel method for radar pulse tracking using neural networks Wook hyeon Shin, Won don Lee 453-139 Within restricted response time, in order to track pulse train of Radar and predict the next pulse time, we propose the Neural network with Dynamic structure. This Dynamic structure consists of basic structures.  And it is a variable structure in that the

An Alternative Formulation and New Algorithms for Computation of the Design and Performance of Switched Reluctance Motors.
T.Lachman; T.R.Mohamad 453-108 This paper presents an alternative formulation and new algorithms for computation of the nonlinear magnetizing characteristics of Switched Reluctance Motors (SRMs).  In this paper Frohlich’s equations are reviewed which are used for modeling non-
Application of a parametric robust control to the stabilization of an electric power generator Soumia Elhani; Noureddine Elalami; Said Guédira 453-156 This note focuses on three major concepts: First, application of quadratic stabilisation of linear system with norm-bounded time varying uncertainty in the state matrix. The desired stabilizing law is constructed by applying an algorithm based o
Application Of The Wavelet Bases In 2d Or 3d Scattering    Problems  By Bodies And Screens Alexander Anyutin ,  Alexander Kyurkchan 453-128 Wavelets technique is applied for solving of the 2D (-or 3D) Dirichlet, Neumann or mix boundary problems when scattering bodies are perfect conducting (-or dielectric) cylinders   with complicated cross sections, screens and bodies of revolution. The deve
Class numbers in the imaginary quadratic field and the 1/f noise of an electron gas M. Planat 453-162 Partition functions Z(x) of statistical mechanics are generally approximated by integrals. The approximation fails in small cavities or at very low temperature, when the ratio $x$ between the energy quantum and thermal energy is larger or equal to unity.I
Comparative Study Between Known and Novel attitude controllers for an underactuated satellite nadjim mehdi Horri , stephen Hodgart 453-140 Failure of mechanical controllers onboard a satellite is a well known phenomenon that has already been disastrous for several space missions. In the case studied here, we take as an example the mini-satellite UoSat-12 built by SSTL at University of Surrey
Computation of structural decomposition for linear singular systems Minghua He and Ben M. Chen 453-134 We present in this paper computation algorithms for the structural decomposition of general linear multivariable singular systems. Such kind of decomposition has a distinct feature of capturing and displaying all the structural properties, such as the fin

Correlation Properties Of Binary Sequences Generated By The Logistic Map-Application To DS-CDMA
Ben Jemaa Zouhair - Belghith Safya 453-142 In this paper, we will show that a simple one dimension nonlinear map allows generating binary sequences that have better correlation properties then classical pseudo random ones. Using performance criterion that is suitable for CDMA application, the perf
Crosstalk Identification and Modified Crosstalk Model Alfred Voglgsang, Rudi Knorr, Stefan Lindenmeier 453-147 The performance of xDSL-systems is determined by the existing crosstalk interference. xDSL-systems are optimised to the existing crosstalk interferences in a cable bundle. The crosstalk interference leads to unwanted restrictions in the number of xDSL-sys
Development of Intelligent Techniques for Distribution Systems Reconfiguration G. Lambert Torres, L.E. Borges da Silva, A.R. Aoki, C.H.V. Moraes, B.R. Costa and J.A. Barbosa 453-158 This paper presents the developments made in the Technological Development and Research Program from Brasilia Energy Company (CEB) in the same subject of this paper. This project has set up a set of procedures that were introduced into computer packages, 
Dynamic Economic Load dispatch-An Efficient Quadratic Programming Based Approach 1)Saloman R.M.Danaraj, 2)Dr.F.Gajendran 453-112 This paper presents a new and efficient way of implementing quadratic programming to solve the Dynamic economic dispatch problem. Dynamic economic dispatch is an extension of the conventional economic load dispatch, problem that takes into consideration o
Experimental and numerical simulations of impacts in vibrations of slender systems Dariusz Szwedowicz 453-160 In this paper, numerical and experimental techniques for elastic impact analyses between two vibrating beams are presented in details. A load sensor developed for measurements of elastic impact forces and the designed vibration exciter are also discussed 
Fractal dimension of transdermal-delivery drug models Francisco Torrens 453-115 The pathways that exist in porous membranes used to deliver drugs form fractal  percolating paths. For a homologous series of 4-alkylanilines, the fractal dimension D is calculated as a model for transdermal-delivery drugs. Our program TOPO is used for th
Horseshoes as Projective Limits Ralph W. Oberste-Vorth 453-159 We use the projective limit construction to examine the connections between one- and two-sided shifts and the dynamics of quadratic polynomials in one variable and quadratic Henon mappings.
Intelligent Agents Embedded with Computational Techniques for Power Systems Eleni Mangina 453-126 Electrical utilities need to use their equipment closer to their design limits and require extending their operating life through automatic condition monitoring systems. Data interpretation is of high importance to infer the state of the equipment and is 
Job Grouping with Minimum Setup in PCB assembly Kari Salonen, Jouni Smed, Mika Johnsson, Olli Nevalainen 453-138 We consider the machine setup problem of printed circuit board (PCB) assembly as a combination of a job grouping problem and a minimum setup problem. We formulate the problem as a MIP-model, where the objective is to minimize the weighted sum of the numbe
Lagrange Multipliers and Other Sensitivity Indices Applied to Voltage Collapse Analysis Leonardo M.  Honório,  A . C. Zambroni de Souza,  Geraldo L. Torres 453-113 This paper deals with the problem of chose local control actions in power systems. The planning scenario is considered, and the aim of the study is to determine the most effective actions to lead the system to a better operating point. The too
Mathematical modeling of olfactory sensor based on passive fiber optic components M. Mahmoud 453-149 Olfactory sensors have been attractive for scientific research and industrial applications. In this paper a new type of olfactory sensors based on compact size and passive fiber optic components “Fiber Bragg Gratings Technology” is introduced and its math
Means of Certification of Transducers in Mass Production Valery Iosifov 453-106 At present the problem of dynamic characteristics identification (DChI), alternating pressure transducers (APT) is extremely actual. There are transducers reasons for that: of creation mechanical tested signals difficulties, closed to its characteristics,
Methodology of development of high-tech profitable Mission Control Center for automatic space vehicles Valeriy Alekseevich Udaloy, Nikolay Mihailovich Ivanov,  Nikolay Leonidovich Sokolov , Vladimir Urievich Pazdnikov 453-103 There are various Mission Control Centers (MCC) in many countries. But analysis of the existing literature proves absence of general idea of MCC structure optimization although optimal structure of MCC could allow to increase profitability of mission cont
Micro opto-electronic devices for optical cross-connect Mohamad A. Habli 453-102 Micro opto-electronic device (MOED) are proposed for 2-D optical cross-connect. The MOED consists of an array of control units and polarization beam splitters (PBS). The control unit of MOED is a optp-electronic unit (OECU). The proposed device will eithe
MMDS and scattering from multilayer cylindrical structure A.P. Anyutin   and  V.I.Stasevich 453-121 A new modification of the method of discrete sources  are applied for solving a 2D scattering  problems by  metal or dielectric cylindrical structure covered with dielectric layer. The developed method. The problems of accuracy, choosing auxiliary contour
Modular forms and Ramanujan sums for the analysis of 1/f noise in electronic circuits M. Planat 453-161 A number theoretical model of 1/f noise found in phase locked loops is developed. Oscillators from the input of the non linear and low pass filtering stage are shown to lock their frequencies from continued fraction expansions of their frequency ratio, an
Multiphase flow metering technique based on passive fiber optic components for oil producing wells M. Mahmoud 453-150 Monitoring oil fields reservoirs for optimizing the production have been satisfied by wellhead sampling and test separator metering. Development and research work have been taking place to develop smaller size and lower cost multiphase flow meters that im
Noise reduction of partial discharge signals using linear prediction and wavelet transform Babak Badrzadeh,S.M.Shahrtash 453-109 Partial discharges are caused by various defects such as voids, shield protrusions, contaminants, advanced stages of water tree, etc and known the main cause of breakdown in insulation materials. Partial discharge (PD) location is a powerful and useful to
Numerical Simulation Of Dielectric Heating In High-Voltage Insulationsn Daniela Carstea, Ion Carstea 453-118 This paper deals with the heat generated by ohmic losses in dielectric insulation of the electrical devices.  A description  is given of the solution of coupled electric and heat dissipation problems in high-voltage (HV) insulation formed by so
On Local Solvability for Nonlinear Parabolic Equations Martin Lopez Morales 453-114 We consider the Cauchy problem for higher order linear parabolic equations in a layer.We establish new a priori estimates for the solution to this problem in general anisotropic Hölder norms, under the assumption that the coefficients and the in
On the linear quadratic minimum-fuel problem Noureddine El alami        Hafida Benazza 453-135 E.I.Verriest and F.L.Lewis have presented in [1]a new method to approach the minimum-time control of linear continous-time systems avoiding the Bang-Bang control. Their method relied on the optimization of a cost including time energy and precisions terms
Parsing Spice Netlists Using a Typed Functional Language N. Ratier, M. Addouche, D. Gillet, R. Brendel 453-117 Parsing a Spice netlist is the first step of all circuit simulation programs. This part is usually done by low-level coding techniques in C or Fortran language. The aim of this paper is to show the usefulness of functional programming techniques to the ne
Peculiarities of spacecraft “Ocean-O” control in geomagnetic storms Valeriy Alekseevich Udaloy , Nikolay Mihailovich Ivanov,  Nikolay Leonidovich Sokolov , Vladimir Urievich Pazdnikov 453-104 Russian-Ukraine spacecraft “Ocean-O” (S/C) was launched on July, 17, 1999. S/C is controlled from Mission Control Centre and Modeling (MCC-M), town Korolev, Moscow region. Purpose of the S/C “Ocean-O” is operative reception of Earth and World ocean remote
Processing of short reactions with proportional weighting. Valery Iosifov 453-105 The method of the processing of the short reactions data by means of uneven weighing is described. The methods of parametrical spectral analysis are taken as a basis. The comparison of the methods, resolutions is given. There is also a discussion of real 

Radon Measure Model For Edge Detection Using Rotational Wavelet
Tao Qian and Liming Zhang 453-146 Based on a mathematical analysis involving Radon measure explicit formulars of continuous (integral) wavelet transformations are given and further used to direct how to use rotational wavelets in edge detection.
Relationship between delay and system contents in multiserver queues with geometric service times Peixia Gao, Sabine Wittevrongel, Herwig Bruneel 453-136 In this paper, we consider a discrete-time multiserver queueing system with infinite buffer size, geometric service times and a FCFS (first-come-first-served) queueing discipline. A relationship between the probability distributions of the system contents
Robust Multi-GHz Electromagnetic Analysis of High-Speed Interconnects and Integrated Passives Aosheng Rong and Andreas Cangellaris 453-131 This paper presents a numerically stable integral equation methodology for the full-wave electromagnetic analysis of the three-dimensional interconnect networks, integrated passives and power distribution grids used in high-speed digital and mixed-signal 
Rota meets Ramanujan: probabilistic interpretation of Ramanujan-Fourier series H. Gopalkrishna Gadiyar and R. Padma 453-163 In this paper the ideas of Rota and Ramanujan are shown to be central to understanding problems in additive number theory. The circle and sieve methods are two different facets of the same theme of interplay between probability and Fourier series used to 
Self-Organization of Fluidice Matrix E.Macer-Story 453-130 In previous papers, [1]the existence of an additional energy to the electromagnetic has been described and designated as [fluidice//traction fluidice]. This living energy operates to transduce information into the electromagnetic, molecular cont
Some Peculiarities Of Operative “Okean-O” Control Valeriy Alekseevich Udaloy, Nikolay Mihailovich Ivanov, Nikolay Leonidovich Sokolov, Vitaliy Valerievich Astafiev 453-124 Russian-Ukraine spacecraft “Ocean-O” (S/C) was launched on July, 17, 1999. S/C is controlled from Mission Control Centre and Modeling (MCC-M), town Korolev, Moscow region. Purpose of the S/C “Ocean-O” is operative reception of Earth and World ocean remote
Some properties of Boolean functions and design of cryptographically strong balanced Boolean functions M.Mitrouli, A.P.Markovskyy, N.G.Bardis 453-157 Properties of the total and conditional entropy are studied. The theorems that have been proved state the necessary and sufficient conditions for the total and conditional entropy maximum of the special type functions, namely, D-functions. A procedure for

The continuous-time h inf model matching problem with the two degrees of freedom static output feedback via lmi optimization
Murat Akin, Atilla Bir 453-151 The aim of this paper is to develop a new approach for a solution of the continuous-time Hinf model matching problem with a static output feedback by using Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMIs). The main contribution is to reformulate the continuous-time Hinf
the discrete-time h inf model matching problem with the one degree of freedom static output feedback Murat Akin, Atilla Bir 453-154 The aim of this paper is to develop a new approach for a solution of the discrete-time Hinf model matching problem with a static output feedback by using Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMIs). The main contribution is to reformulate the discrete-time Hinf mod
The scale free intrnsic time, prime number distribution and the 1/f noise Dhurjati Prasad Datta 453-165 We discuss brief\mbox{}ly how the recently uncovered time asymmetric solutions to linear ordinary differential equations can provide a consistent framework to address the 1/f noise problem. We also point out its relevance in the theory of prime numbers.

Wavelet-based Solution to Time-Dependent Non-Linear Two-Point Initial Boudnary value Problems with Non-Periodic Boundary Conditions Involving Composite Media
Hira N. Narang, Rajiv K. Nekkanti 453-110 The Wavelet solution for boundary-value problems is relatively new and has been mainly restricted to the solutions in data compression, image processing and recently to the solution of differential equations with periodic boundary conditions. This paper i
Wavelets for Elliptical Waveguide Problems M. M. S. Lira, H. M. de Oliveira, R. J. de Sobral Cintra, R. M. Campello de Souza 453-155 New elliptic cylindrical wavelets are introduced, which exploit the relationship between analysing filters and Floquet's solution of Mathieu differential equations. It is shown that the transfer function of both multiresolution filters is related to the s
Working Out Of Spectral Analysis Valery Iosifov 453-107 The method of the processing of the short reactions data by means of uneven weighing is described.  The methods are used for the analysis of dynamic characteristics' pressure sensors on the basis of the reactions to impulsive and multistage influences.