Plenary Lecture

Plenary Lecture

The Challenge of Biometrics

Professor Ryszard S. Choras
Institute of Telecommunications
University of Technology & Life Sciences
Bydgoszcz, Poland

Abstract: A biometric system is a pattern recognition system that recognizes a person on the basis of a feature vector derived from a specific physiological or behavioral characteristic that the person possesses.
Biometric systems have four main components: sensor, feature extraction, biometric database, matching-score and decision-making modules. The input subsystem consists of a special sensor needed to acquire the biometric signal. Invariant features are extracted from the signal for representation purposes in the feature extraction subsystem. During the enrollment process, a representation (called template) of the biometrics in terms of these features is stored in the system. The matching subsystem accepts query and reference templates and returns the degree of match or mismatch as a score , i.e., a similarity measure. A final decision step compares the score to a decision threshold to deem the comparison a match or non-match.
Since traditional biometric systems have many limitations a new approach in biometrics used different models of multimodal systems. Multimodal biometric systems improve the incompleteness of any unimodal system. In multimodal biometric system various levels of fusion the personal attributes information is performed.
The personal attributes used in a biometric identification system can be physiological, such as facial features, fingerprints, iris, retinal scans, hand and finger geometry; or behavioral, the traits idiosyncratic of the individual, such as voice print, gait, signature, and keystroking.
We have proposed biometric schemes to combine biometric data based on face and eye to identify a person.

Brief Biography of the Speaker:
Ryszard S. Choras, He is currently Full Professor in the Institute of Telecommunications of the University of Technology & Life Sciences,
Bydgoszcz, Poland. His research experience covers image processing and analysis, image coding, feature extraction and computer vision.
At present, he is working in the field of image retrieval and indexing, mainly in low- and high-level features extraction and knowledge extraction in CBIR systems. He is the author of Computer Vision. Methods of Image Interpretation and Identification (2005) and more than 163 articles in journals and conference proceedings.
He is the member of the Polish Cybernetical Society, Polish Neural Networks Society, IASTED, and the Polish Image Processing Association. Professor Choras is a member of the editorial boards of Machine Vision and Graphics, International Journal of Biometrics (IJBM), International Journal of Biology and Biomedical Engineering, Recent Patents On Signal Processing (Bentham Open). He is the editor-in-chief of WSEAS Transactions on Signal Processing Journal, Image Processing and Communications and associate editor-in-chief Computer Science Journals (CSC Journals) Image Processing (IJIP).
He has served on numerous conference committees, e.g., as Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing (VIIP) , IASTED International Conference on Signal Processing, Pattern Recognition and Applications (SPPRA) and International Conference on Computer Vision and Graphics in Warsaw, ICINCO\ICATE Conference.

WSEAS Unifying the Science