Plenary Lecture

Plenary Lecture

Endotoxin Tolerance: Mathematical Models

Professor Mircea Olteanu
Mathematics Department
University Politehnica Bucharest, Romania
Co-authos: Paul Flondor, Radu Dobrescu, Catalin Vasilescu

Abstract: Endotoxin tolerance is an important phenomenon of innate immunity. It is usually defined as a reduced responsiveness to a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge following a first encounter with endotoxin. The actors of the endotoxin tolerance are a Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the proinflammatory cytokines (the best marker of the inflammatory process is considered to be the TNF-) and the downregulating factors. It has to be noted that there are three possible outcomes at a secondary challenge with endotoxin: 1) the first and the second responses have the same magnitude, 2) the second response is greater than the first one and 3) the second response is lower than the first one. This last outcome is known as the typical endotoxin tolerance phenomenon. There are many reasons which explain the interest in understanding the endotoxin tolerance (for example, the connections with sepsis). It would be of great help to have a simple but good enough mathematical model for testing and simulating endotoxin tolerance in various reported situations and also for a better understanding of the factors acting during this complex phenomenon. In some previous works the authors introduced an original mathematical (ODE) model of endotoxin tolerance. The aim of this lecture is to present this model and some new improvements together with applications (mainly in sepsis). Our original mathematical model of the endotoxin tolerance is based on a generalized version of the Michaelis - Menten - Hill equations for enzymatic reactions. This is a nonlinear and non autonomous ODE - time delayed system with LPS as an input. We also tried to keep our model as simple as possible; the model could be, of course, developed to a more sophisticated one. In order to test our model we considered several typical scenarios for the input (LPS challenge) such as: in vivo, in vitro, immune paralysis (clinical sepsis). In each case, the mathematical simulation fit well-enough with the reported experimental data.

Brief Biografy of the Speaker:
Mircea Olteanu is professor at the Dept. of Mathematics of the Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania. His area of study includes group representation theory, time invariant systems, nonlinear analisys of time series and mathematical modeling. He is the author of more than 40 scientific papers. Regarding the mathematical modeling of the endotoxin tolerance (the subject of this plenary lecture) he published several studies (as coauthor with Paul Flondor, Catalin Vasilescu, Radu Dobrescu) in Amer. J. of Surgery, Inflammation Research, Journal of Critical Care, Chirurgia.




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