Plenary Lecture

Plenary Lecture

Creativity and Intelligence as Predisposing Factors of Mental, Social, and Physical Health

Professor Olga M. Razumnikova
Institute of Physiology SB RAMS

Abstract: Research of human intelligence has progressed at different levels of analysis including neurobiology, behavior, and health. First, psychophysiological evidences will concentrate on creative task-induced brain activity, interactive effects of creativity with personality and intelligence on cortical activation patterns using EEG mapping and fMRI. Successful divergent thinking is characterized by functional plasticity in neuronal oscillations and by variability in hemispheric asymmetry that could be explained by various IQ and personality indicators. The results are compatible with a model in which processing speed and emotion jointly influence on performance of creative task via additive effects of the limbico-cortical and thalamo-cortical arousal systems. Second, the clusters of cognitive abilities and personality traits required for creative behavior and their relationships to psychopathology and an impact of genetic and environmental factors in the exposure to this cluster will review. Finally, neurobiological base of the association between an intelligence and adaptation is the interactions of cortical-subcortical regions and plasticity of brain structure in response to training that related to emotional states and cognitive abilities. Perhaps higher intelligence can be a buffer against various forms of mental and psychosomatic diseases. Hierarchical structure of intelligence, including analytical, practical, emotional, and creative aspects of intelligence may be a premium to prevent informational stress-induced health degeneration.

Brief Biography of the Speaker:
Olga M. Razumnikova, Dr.Sci. is Professor of the State Technical University in Novosibirsk, Russia. She received her Dr.Sci. from the State Research Institute of Physiology of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Siberian Branch. She worked as a chief researcher at the Laboratory of Cognitive Physiology of this Institute. Her research activities are concentrated on integration of neuroscience and social psychology. The specific research areas have been on EEG mapping and assessment of cognitive abilities and personality traits in volunteers. Her current research interest is EEG correlates of creativity, intelligence, and personality. Publications in the fields of electrophysiology of high cognitive functions (memory, attention, and creative thinking) and psychology of individual differences including sex differences in creative thinking.

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