Plenary Lecture

Plenary Lecture

Used Vegetable Oil as Fuel in Diesel Engine

Professor Charalampos Arapatsakos
Department of Production and Management Engineering
Democritus University of Thrace
V. Sofias Street, 67100, Xanthi

Abstract: Air pollution is made up of many kinds of gases, droplets and particles that reduce the quality of air. Moreover, air pollution originates from both natural and anthropogenic sources. The largest source of human made pollution is the burning of fossil fuels, including coal, oil and gas in our homes, factories and cars. Natural sources related to volcanoes that produce sulfur, chlorine and ash. Wildfires make smoke and carbon monoxide. Air pollution is either primary or secondary. Primary pollution is put directly to the air, such as smoke and car exhausts. Secondary pollution forms in the air when chemical reactions changes primary pollutants. Photochemical smog is an example of secondary pollution. The health effects caused by air pollutants may range from subtle biochemical and physiological changes to difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing and aggravation of existing respiratory and cardiac conditions system. These effects can result in increased medication use, more hospital admissions and even premature death. There are several many types of air pollutant. These include smog, acid rain, the greenhouse effect and holes in the ozone layer. The atmospheric conditions such as the wind, rain, stability affect the transportation of the air pollutant. This paper examines the use of diesel-used vegetable oil mixtures in four-stroke diesel engine. The mixtures used are the following: diesel-5% used vegetable oil, diesel-10% used vegetable oil, diesel-20% used vegetable oil, diesel-30% used vegetable oil, diesel-40% used vegetable oil, diesel-50% used vegetable oil. For those mixtures the gas emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), nitrogen monoxide (NO), smoke are being measured, and the fuel consumption is also examined.

Brief Biography of the Speaker:
Dr. Charalampos Arapatsakos is a Greek citizen, who has been born in Athens. He has studied Mechanical of Engineering. He is a Ph.D. Assoc. Professor in the University of Thrace in Greece. At the present he is a member of Technical Chamber of Greece, member of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Association and member of Combustion Institute of Greece too. Mr C. Arapatsakos has participated in many research programs about biofuels, gas emissions and antipollution technology. His research domains are mainly on biofuels and their use in internal combustion engines, the power variation from the use of biofuels, the gas emissions and mechanical damages.

WSEAS Unifying the Science